Acute administration of a single dose of valsartan improves left ventricular functions: a pilot study to assess the role of tissue velocity echocardiography in patients with systemic arterial hypertension in the TVE-valsartan study I
2006 (English)In: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, E-ISSN 1475-097X, Vol. 26, no 6, 351-356 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background The advent of colour-coded tissue velocity echocardiography (TVE) has now made it possible to quantify left ventricular (LV) functions in patients with systemic arterial hypertension (HTN).
Hypothesis In this project, we have studied the cardiac effects of a single dose of orally administered valsartan in patients with known HTN.
Methods Fifty-five patients with HTN with a mean age of 56 +/- 10 years were given an early morning dose of 80 mg valsartan withholding regular antihypertensive medications on the day of investigation. TVE images, acquired on VIVID systems were digitized for postprocessing of longitudinal and radial peak systolic velocities, strain rate, and systolic and diastolic time intervals before (pre) and 5 h after (post) administration of the drug.
Results Blood pressure (mmHg) pre and post, respectively, were 147 +/- 15 versus 137 +/- 14 systolic and 90 +/- 7 versus 86 +/- 7 diastolic (all P < 0.01). LV longitudinal systolic velocities (cm s(-1)) were significantly higher post in LV septum (5.7 +/- 1.1 versus 6.4 +/- 1.6; P < 0.001) with similar results obtained in other LV walls. Radial strain rate (1 s(-1)) was significantly higher post compared with pre valsartan (2.1 +/- 0.6 versus 2.3 +/- 0.9; P < 0.01). Regional diastolic filling and ejection times (ms) were significantly shorter post (390 +/- 122 versus 370 +/- 120 and 275 +/- 32 versus 163 +/- 36 respectively; all P < 0.05).
Conclusions Within 5 h after oral administration of valsartan, improvement in regional myocardial systolic functions could be registered. Although the changes could well be secondary to afterload reduction, additional effects of the drug, evidenced by improved strain rate that is relatively load-independent, may have contributed in this improvement.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 26, no 6, 351-356 p.
hypertension; myocardial function; strain rate imaging; tissue velocity echocardiography; valsartan
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7058DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-097X.2006.00704.xISI: 000241343500007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7058DiVA: diva2:11951
QC 201007092007-05-082007-05-082012-03-23Bibliographically approved