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Light-driven transformation processes of anisotropic silver nanoparticles.
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2013 (English)In: ACS Nano, ISSN 1936-0851, E-ISSN 1936-086X, Vol. 7, no 7, p. 5911-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The photoinduced formation of silver nanoprisms from smaller silver seed particles in the presence of citrate anions is a classic example of a photomorphic reaction. In this case, light is used as a convenient tool to dynamically manipulate the shape of metal nanoparticles. To date, very little is known about the prevailing reaction mechanism of this type of photoreaction. Here we provide a detailed study of the shape transformation dynamics as a function of a range of different process parameters, such as photon energy and photon flux. For the first time, we provide direct evidence that the photochemical synthesis of silver nanoprisms from spherical seed nanoparticles proceeds via a light-activated two-dimensional coalescence mechanism. On the other hand, we could show that Ostwald ripening becomes the dominant reaction mechanism when larger silver nanoprisms are grown from photochemically synthesized smaller nanoprisms. This two-step reaction proceeds significantly faster and yields more uniform, sharper nanoprisms than the classical one-step photodevelopment process from seeds. The ability to dynamically control nanoparticle shapes and properties with light opens up novel synthesis avenues but also, more importantly, allows one to conceive new applications that exploit the nonstatic character of these nanoparticles and the ability to control and adjust their properties at will in a highly dynamic fashion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 7, no 7, p. 5911-21
National Category
Chemical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-225444DOI: 10.1021/nn4013059ISI: 000322417400031PubMedID: 23730850Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84880816577OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-225444DiVA, id: diva2:1195411
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QC 20180416

Available from: 2018-04-05 Created: 2018-04-05 Last updated: 2018-04-16Bibliographically approved

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Cappel, Ute B
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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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