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Valence Level Character in a Mixed Perovskite Material and Determination of the Valence Band Maximum from Photoelectron Spectroscopy: Variation with Photon Energy
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2017 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 121, no 48, p. 26655-26666Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A better understanding of the electronic structure of perovskite materials used in photovoltaic devices is essential for their development and optimization. In this investigation, synchrotron-based photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) was used to experimentally delineate the character and energy position of the valence band structures of a mixed perovskite. The valence band was measured using PES with photon energies ranging from ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (21.2 eV) to hard X-rays (up to 4000 eV), and by taking the variation of the photoionization cross sections into account, we could experimentally determine the inorganic and organic contributions. The experiments were compared to theoretical calculations to further distinguish the role of the different anions in the electronic structure. This work also includes a thorough study of the valence band maximum and its position in relation to the Fermi level, which is crucial for the design and optimization of complete solar cells and their functional properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2017. Vol. 121, no 48, p. 26655-26666
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Physical Sciences Chemical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-225456DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b08948ISI: 000417671500010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85038087466OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-225456DiVA, id: diva2:1195439
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QC 20180405

Available from: 2018-04-05 Created: 2018-04-05 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved

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Cappel, Ute B.
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