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Imidazole-2yl-Phosphonic Acid Derivative Grafted onto Mesoporous Silica Surface as a Novel Highly Effective Sorbent for Uranium(VI) Ion Extraction
KTH. Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, Chuiko Inst Surface Chem, 17 Gen Naumov St, UA-03164 Kiev, Ukraine..
Marie Curie Sklodowska Univ, 2 Marie Curie Sklodowska Sq, PL-20031 Lublin, Poland..
Taras Shevchenko Natl Univ Kyiv, 64-13 Volodymyrska St, UA-01601 Kiev, Ukraine..
Marie Curie Sklodowska Univ, 2 Marie Curie Sklodowska Sq, PL-20031 Lublin, Poland..
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2018 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 10, no 7, p. 6681-6693Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A new imidazol-2yl-phosphonic acid/mesoporous silica sorbent (ImP(O)(OH)(2)/SiO2) was developed and applied for uranium(VI) ion removal from aqueous solutions. The synthesized material was characterized by fast kinetics and an extra-high adsorption capacity with respect to uranium. The highest adsorption efficiency of U(VI) ions was obtained for the reaction system at pH 4 and exceeded 618 mg/g. The uranium(VI) sorption proceeds quickly in the first step within 60 min of the adsorbent sites and ion interactions. Moreover, the equilibrium time was determined to be 120 min. The equilibrium and kinetic characteristics of the uranium(VI) ions uptake by synthesized sorbent was found to follow the Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm model and pseudo-second-order kinetics rather than the Langmuir, Dubinin-Radushkevich, and Temkin models and pseudo-first-order or intraparticle diffusion sorption kinetics. The adsorption mechanism for uranium on the sorbent was clarified basing on the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. The model of UO22+ binding to surface of the sorbent was proposed according to the results of XPS, i.e., a 1:1 U-to-P ratio in the sorbed complex was established. The regeneration study confirms the ImP(O)(OH)(2)/SiO2 sorbent can be reused. A total of 45% of uranium ions was determined as originating from the sorbent leaching in the acidic solutions, whereas when the basic solutions were used, the removal efficiency was 12%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC , 2018. Vol. 10, no 7, p. 6681-6693
Keywords [en]
uranium, adsorption, phosphonic acid, silica, sorption
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-225299DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b17594ISI: 000426143900069PubMedID: 29370513Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042389989OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-225299DiVA, id: diva2:1195711
Note

QC 20180406

Available from: 2018-04-06 Created: 2018-04-06 Last updated: 2018-04-06Bibliographically approved

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