Targeting low-arsenic aquifers in Matlab Upazila, Southeastern Bangladesh
2007 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 375, no 2-3, 121-132 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Groundwater with high concentration of geogenic arsenic (As) occurs extensively in the Holocene alluvial aquifers of Bangladesh. Local drillers in Matlab Upazilla are constructing deeper tubewells than in the recent past, primarily because of low concentrations of dissolved Fe and As. Locally a thick layer of black to grey sediments overlies an oxidised unit of yellowish-grey to reddish-brown sediments. The correlation between the colour of both units and the groundwater redox conditions was investigated to provide an easy tool for targeting low-arsenic groundwater. Based on the sediment colour at the screen depths described by local drillers, 40 domestic shallow tubewells were selected for water sampling. Four colours were used to describe the sediments: black, white, off-white (buff) and red. Generally, the groundwater was anoxic and the As concentrations ranged from less than 5.2 to 355 mu g/L. Water derived from the black sediment is characterized by relatively higher concentrations of dissolved NH4+, DOC, Fe, P, As and by low Mn and SO42- concentrations. The off-white and red sediments had high concentration of Mn and low NH4+, DOC, Fe, P and As concentrations. The water abstracted from the black sediments indicated the most reducing environment, followed by white, off-white and red respectively. Three boreholes verified the driller's perception of the subsurface lithologic conditions. Discrepancies between the driller's and the research team description of the sediment colours were insignificant. This study shows that sediment colour is a reliable indicator of high and low-As concentrations and can be used by local drillers to target low-arsenic groundwater.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 375, no 2-3, 121-132 p.
Bangladesh; Geogenic arsenic; Groundwater; Local drillers; Sediment colour; Targeting safe aquifers
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7089DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.06.028ISI: 000247354700002PubMedID: 17113133ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34249057119OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7089DiVA: diva2:11997
QC 20100716. Uppdaterad från In press till Published 20100716. Tidigare titel: "Targeting low-arsenic aquifers in Matlab upazila, Southeastern Bangladesh: Science of the Total Environment"2007-05-142007-05-142011-12-27Bibliographically approved