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Clinical Natural Language Processing in languages other than English: opportunities and challenges
Univ Paris Saclay, CNRS, LIMSI, Rue John von Neumann, F-91405 Orsay, France..
Stockholm Univ, DSV, Kista, Sweden..
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC). Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, London, England..
Childrens Hosp Boston, Boston, MA USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA USA..
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Biomedical Semantics, ISSN 2041-1480, E-ISSN 2041-1480, Vol. 9, article id 12Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Natural language processing applied to clinical text or aimed at a clinical outcome has been thriving in recent years. This paper offers the first broad overview of clinical Natural Language Processing (NLP) for languages other than English. Recent studies are summarized to offer insights and outline opportunities in this area. Main Body: We envision three groups of intended readers: (1) NLP researchers leveraging experience gained in other languages, (2) NLP researchers faced with establishing clinical text processing in a language other than English, and (3) clinical informatics researchers and practitioners looking for resources in their languages in order to apply NLP techniques and tools to clinical practice and/or investigation. We review work in clinical NLP in languages other than English. We classify these studies into three groups: (i) studies describing the development of new NLP systems or components de novo, (ii) studies describing the adaptation of NLP architectures developed for English to another language, and (iii) studies focusing on a particular clinical application. Conclusion: We show the advantages and drawbacks of each method, and highlight the appropriate application context. Finally, we identify major challenges and opportunities that will affect the impact of NLP on clinical practice and public health studies in a context that encompasses English as well as other languages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2018. Vol. 9, article id 12
Keyword [en]
Natural Language Processing, Clinical Decision-Making, Languages other than English
National Category
Bioinformatics (Computational Biology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-226788DOI: 10.1186/s13326-018-0179-8ISI: 000428928300001PubMedID: 29602312Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85044782945OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-226788DiVA, id: diva2:1201695
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-00359
Note

QC 20180426

Available from: 2018-04-26 Created: 2018-04-26 Last updated: 2018-04-26Bibliographically approved

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