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Information Patterns in the Modeling and Design of Mobility Management Services
Univ Calif Berkeley, Inst Transportat Studies, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, LJAD, INRIA, Nice, France.;Ecole Ponts ParisTech, INRIA, F-06902 Sophia Antipolis Champs, France..
Univ Melbourne, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia..
Ecole Normale Super Lyon, Edole Normale, F-69342 Lyon, France..
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2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the IEEE, ISSN 0018-9219, E-ISSN 1558-2256, Vol. 106, no 4, p. 554-576Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The development of sustainable transportation infrastructure for people and goods, using new technology and business models, can prove beneficial or detrimental for mobility, depending on its design and use. The focus of this paper is on the increasing impact new mobility services have on traffic patterns and transportation efficiency in general. Over the last decade, the rise of the mobile internet and the usage of mobile devices have enabled ubiquitous traffic information. With the increased adoption of specific smartphone applications, the number of users of routing applications has become large enough to disrupt traffic flow patterns in a significant manner. Similarly, but at a slightly slower pace, novel services for freight transportation and city logistics improve the efficiency of goods transportation and change the use of road infrastructure. This paper provides a general four-layer framework for modeling these new trends. The main motivation behind the development is to provide a unifying formal system description that can at the same time encompass system physics (flow and motion of vehicles) as well as coordination strategies under various information and cooperation structures. To showcase the framework, we apply it to the specific challenge of modeling and analyzing the integration of routing applications in today's transportation systems. In this framework, at the lowest layer (flow dynamics), we distinguish routed users from nonrouted users. A distributed parameter model based on a nonlocal partial differential equation is introduced and analyzed. The second layer incorporates connected services (e.g., routing) and other applications used to optimize the local performance of the system. As inputs to those applications, we propose a third layer introducing the incentive design and global objectives, which are typically varying over the day depending on road and weather conditions, external events, etc. The high-level planning is handled on the fourth layer taking social long-term objectives into account. We illustrate the framework by considering its ability to model at two different levels. Specific to vehicular traffic, numerical examples enable us to demonstrate the links between the traffic network layer and the routing decision layer. With a second example on optimized freight transport, we then discuss the links between the cooperative control layer and the lower layers. The congestion pricing in Stockholm is used to illustrate how also the social planning layer can be incorporated in future mobility services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018. Vol. 106, no 4, p. 554-576
Keyword [en]
Coordination of platooning, impact of traffic routed by apps, mobility managment services, nonlocal PDE, routing behavior for different information patterns, scheduling, traffic flow, traffic simulation with PDE, wardrop
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-226787DOI: 10.1109/JPROC.2018.2800001ISI: 000429201400005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85045010417OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-226787DiVA, id: diva2:1203299
Funder
VINNOVASwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationThe Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT)
Note

QC 20180503

Available from: 2018-05-03 Created: 2018-05-03 Last updated: 2018-05-03Bibliographically approved

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Cvetkovic, VladimirJohansson, Karl H.
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