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SAMURAI (Solid-phase Assisted Mutagenesis by Uracil Restricted Ablation In vitro) for Antibody Affinity Maturation and Paratope Mapping
(English)In: Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Mutagenesis libraries are essential for combinatorial protein engineering. Despite improve- ments in gene synthesis and directed mutagenesis, current methodologies still have limitations regarding the synthesis of intact antibody scFv genes and simultaneous diversification of all six CDRs. Here, we de- scribe the generation of mutagenesis libraries for antibody affinity maturation, using a cell-free solid-phase technique for annealing of single-strand mutagenic oligonucleotides. This procedure consists of PCR-based incorporation of uracil into a wild-type template, bead-based capture, and elution of single-strand DNA, and in vitro uracil excision enzyme based degradation of the template DNA. Our approach enabled rapid (8 hours) mutagenesis and automated cloning of 50 position specific alanine mutants for mapping of a scFv antibody paratope. We further exemplify our method by generating affinity maturation libraries with di- versity introduced in critical, nonessential, or all CDR positions randomly. Assessment with Illumina deep sequencing showed >99% functional diversity in two libraries and the ability to diversify all CDR positions simultaneously. Selections of the libraries with bacterial display and deep sequencing evaluation of the selection output showed that diversity introduced in non-essential positions allowed quicker enrichment of improved binders compared to the other two diversification strategies.

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Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227187OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-227187DiVA, id: diva2:1203701
Available from: 2018-05-04 Created: 2018-05-04 Last updated: 2018-05-04

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Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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