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MEILI: A travel diary collection, annotation and automation system
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0916-0188
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1164-8403
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7124-7164
2018 (English)In: Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, ISSN 0198-9715, E-ISSN 1873-7587, Vol. 70, no July 2018, p. 24-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The increased interest in the automation of travel diary collection, together with the ease of access to new artificial intelligence methods led scientists to explore the prerequisites to the automatic generation of travel diaries. One of the most promising methods for this automation relies on collecting GPS traces of multiple users over a period of time, followed by asking the users to annotate their collected data by specifying the base entities for a travel diary, i.e., trips and triplegs. This led scientist on one of two paths: either develop an in-house solution for data collection and annotation, which is usually an undocumented prototype implementation limited to few users, or contract an external provider for the development, which results in additional costs. This paper provides a third path: an open-source highly modular system for the collection and annotation of travel diaries of multiple users, named MEILI. The paper discusses the architecture of MEILI with an emphasis on the data model, which allows scientists to implement and evaluate their methods of choice for the detection of the following entities: trip start/end, trip destination, trip purpose, tripleg start/end, and tripleg mode. Furthermore, the open source nature of MEILI allows scientists to modify the MEILI solution in compliance with their legal and ethical specifications. MEILI was successfully trialed in multiple case studies in Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden between 2014 and 2017.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 70, no July 2018, p. 24-34
Keywords [en]
Travel diaries, Destinations purpose and travel mode inferences, Travel diary collection system, Open source, System design and architecture
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Transport Science; Geodesy and Geoinformatics; Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227250DOI: 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2018.01.011ISI: 000436887900003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85041358233OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-227250DiVA, id: diva2:1203938
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, TRV 2014/10422
Note

QC 20180605

Available from: 2018-05-04 Created: 2018-05-04 Last updated: 2018-07-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. MEILI: Multiple Day Travel Behaviour Data Collection, Automation and Analysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>MEILI: Multiple Day Travel Behaviour Data Collection, Automation and Analysis
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Researchers' pursuit for the better understanding of the dynamics of travel and travel behaviour led to a constant advance in data collection methods. One such data collection method, the travel diary, is a common proxy for travel behaviour and its use has a long history in the transportation research community. These diaries summarize information about when, where, why and how people travel by collecting information about trips, and their destination and purpose, and triplegs, and their travel mode. Whereas collecting travel diaries for short periods of time of one day was commonplace due to the high cost of conducting travel surveys, visionary researchers have tried to better understand whether travel and travel behaviour is stable or if, and how, it changes over time by collecting multiple day travel diaries from the same users. While the initial results of these researchers were promising, the high cost of travel surveys and the fill in burden of the survey participants limited the research contribution to the scientific community. Before identifying travel diary collection methods that can be used for long periods of time, an interesting phenomenon started to occur: a steady decrease in the response rate to travel diaries. This meant that the pursuit of understanding the evolution of travel behaviour over time stayed in the scientific community and did not evolve to be used by policy makers and industrial partners.

However, with the development of technologies that can collect trajectory data that describe how people travel, researchers have investigated ways to complement and replace the traditional travel diary collection methods. While the initial efforts were only partially successful because scientists had to convince people to carry devices that they were not used to, the wide adoption of smartphones opened up the possibility of wide-scale trajectory-based travel diary collection and, potentially, for long periods of time. This thesis contributes among the same direction by proposing MEILI, a travel diary collection system, and describes the trajectory collection outlet (Paper I) and the system architecture (Paper II). Furthermore, the process of transforming a trajectory into travel diaries by using machine learning is thoroughly documented (Papers III and IV), together with a robust and objective methodology for comparing different travel diary collection system (Papers V and VI). MEILI is presented in the context of current state of the art (Paper VIII) and the researchers' common interest (Paper IX), and has been used in various case studies for collecting travel diaries (Papers I, V, VI, VII). Finally, since MEILI has been successfully used for collecting travel diaries for a period of one week, a new method for understanding the stability and variability of travel patterns over time has been proposed (Paper X).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 48
Series
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 2018:13
Keywords
multiple day travel diary collection, trajectory segmentation, travel mode destination and purpose inference, travel diary collection system comparison, travel pattern stability and variability over time
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Computer Sciences
Research subject
Transport Science; Computer Science; Geodesy and Geoinformatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227294 (URN)978-91-7729-793-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-05, L1, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20180507

Available from: 2018-05-07 Created: 2018-05-07 Last updated: 2018-05-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

The full text will be freely available from 2020-02-04 13:09
Available from 2020-02-04 13:09

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Prelipcean, Adrian CorneliuGidofalvi, GyözöSusilo, Yusak

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