Limitations of the interferometric side diffraction technique for fibre Bragg grating characterization
2002 (English)In: Optics Communications, ISSN 0030-4018, E-ISSN 1873-0310, Vol. 201, no 4-6, 301-308 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We make a quantitative investigation of the interferometric side diffraction technique for characterization of fibre Bragg gratings. As opposed to more commonly used non-interferometric alternatives, this method also allows for determination of the grating's distributed phase. It is shown that for weak gratings the detected power and phase are directly proportional to the amplitude and phase of the refractive index modulation in the fibre. While the phase measurement is only limited by the amount of noise present, the relation between modulation amplitude and detected power becomes non-linear when using small probe beam wavelengths and gratings with a modulation depth Deltan approximate to 10(-3) and above. This behavior is inherent to the side diffraction and thus care has to be taken when performing apodization measurements on very strong gratings. The sensitivity to noise is briefly discussed and using a crude estimate for the noise level. the theory indicates that this method is suitable down to a grating modulation depth of at least Deltan approximate to 10(-5).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 201, no 4-6, 301-308 p.
Acoustic noise; Diffraction; Interferometry; Modulation; Refractive index; Modulation depth; Fiber Bragg gratings
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7130DOI: 10.1016/S0030-4018(01)01704-7ISI: 000173827000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7130DiVA: diva2:12048
QC 201008132007-05-162007-05-162010-08-13Bibliographically approved