Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Influence of inter-sectoral company interactions on identification and mitigation of materials criticality: The case of rare earth elements in the automotive and wind turbine sectors
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM). Politecnico di Milano, Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1868-1847
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Materials criticality is a complex and multidisciplinary phenomenon, which has been examined via plethora of factors. However, inter-sectoral relations of companies have not been neither included in existing assessment methodologies, nor explicitly examined so far. The assumption regarding independence and homogeneity of industrial sectors prevails in the current discourse. Only a few studies have brought attention to its importance, in particular in the context of competition for the access to critical materials. This paper aims to examine inter-sectoral interactions of companies and their influence on materials criticality through the lens of factor-market rivalry theory. The study performs analysis of supply constraints and mitigation actions taken by three manufacturers in automotive and wind turbine sectors during the REEs crisis. The data were collected from various secondary sources for the period of 2009-2016. The obtained results indicate importance of inter-sectoral interactions in identification and mitigation of materials criticality. The paper provides implications for further development of criticality assessment methodology. Heterogeneity of companies within and across industrial sectors, inter-sectoral interconnections and competition at both resource and product markets should be considered in materials criticality analysis by both practitioners and policy-makers if source mitigation strategies and resources policy are to be developed.

Keywords [en]
Critical materials, Competition, Inter-sectoral interactions, REE
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Social Sciences
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227876OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-227876DiVA, id: diva2:1205514
Note

QC 20180514

Available from: 2018-05-14 Created: 2018-05-14 Last updated: 2018-05-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Opening the black box of material criticality: heterogeneity and interrelations of companies within and across industrial sectors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opening the black box of material criticality: heterogeneity and interrelations of companies within and across industrial sectors
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The concept of ‘material criticality’ has been introduced to examine availability and accessibility of natural resources that underlie industrial competitiveness and deployment of strategic technologies, such as electric mobility or wind turbines. The academic and policy discourse conceptualised material criticality rather as a black box, assuming industrial sectors to be monolithic, homogeneous and independent entities, neglecting complexity of the company dimension. The thesis questions appropriateness of these assumptions and aims to achieve the following objectives: 1) to examine the influence of heterogeneity and interrelations of companies on identification and mitigation of material criticality; and 2) to demonstrate their relevance for understanding material criticality.Through the exploratory case based research, the thesis highlights the importance of the company dimension for examination of critical materials. The findings indicate the need to extend the criticality analysis to consider power relations of companies along supply chains, and competitive relations of companies across industrial sectors at a shared resource market. These relations influence a company’s ability to identify and mitigate material criticality, which in turn affects an industrial system’s ability to withstand supply disruptions. Heterogeneity of companies within and across industrial sectors suggests against utility of generic outcomes of the criticality analysis at the national/global levels.The thesis provides implications for policy-makers regarding selective support for companies and industrial sectors to assist their efforts to mitigate material criticality. The results serve to raise awareness of practitioners about material criticality and to assist with the decision-making for development of mitigation strategies. Finally, the thesis calls for the need to establish a dialogue between policy-makers, industrial actors and researchers to advance understanding and analysis of material criticality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 68
Series
TRITA-ITM-AVL ; 2018:12
Keywords
Critical materials, Identification, Mitigation, Company, Supply chain, Inter-sectoral competition, Buyer-supplier power relations
National Category
Social Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227878 (URN)978-91-7729-769-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-07, D2, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20180514

his thesis is produced as part of the EMJD Programme European Doctorate in Industrial Management (EDIM) funded by the European Commission, Erasmus Mundus Action 1.

The research was jointly conducted in Politecnico di Milano and KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Available from: 2018-05-14 Created: 2018-05-14 Last updated: 2018-05-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Lapko, Yulia
By organisation
School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM)
Earth and Related Environmental SciencesSocial Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 24 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf