A Model for Mass Transport of Molten Alkali Carbonate Mixtures Applied to the MCFC
2006 (English)In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, Vol. 153, no 11, A2111-A2119 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A one-dimensional model based on the Stefan-Maxwell formulation for mass transfer of the main components of a binary molten carbonate electrolyte, including all of the nonidealities, was formulated and applied to the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). The Stefan-Maxwell diffusion coefficients were determined from literature transport data; still, a narrow parameter window in electrolyte composition and temperature had to be used to keep the integrity of the fits. The model for calculation of the electrolyte composition was combined with equations describing the current distribution in the electrodes and the electrolyte. The calculated results of the electrolyte composition changes show that they depend predominantly on the current density and the total electrolyte filling degree. It was also concluded that the electrolyte composition changes are less then two percent for Li/K and five percent for Li/Na. This model demonstrates how experimental data measured at equilibrium conditions may be used to determine Stefan-Maxwell diffusion coefficients and then applied to a transport model for the electrolyte, in this case an MCFC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 153, no 11, A2111-A2119 p.
Electrolyte filling; Molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC); Stefan Maxwell diffusion coefficients; Transport models
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7138DOI: 10.1149/1.2338653ISI: 000241057000016ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33749614140OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7138DiVA: diva2:12057
QC 201006302007-05-162007-05-162010-12-03Bibliographically approved