Conductivity of SDC and (Li/Na)2CO3 composite electrolytes in reducing and oxidising atmospheres
2007 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, Vol. 172, no 2, 520-529 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Composite electrolytes made of samarium-doped cerium oxide and a mixture of lithium carbonate and sodium carbonate salts are investigated with respect to their structure, morphology and ionic conductivity. The composite electrolytes are considered promising for use in so called intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFC), operating at 400-600 degrees C. The electrolytes are tested in both gaseous anode (reducing) and cathode (oxidising) environments and at different humidities and carbon dioxide partial pressures. For the structure and morphology measurements, it was concluded that no changes occur to the materials after usage. From measurements of melting energies, it was concluded that the melting point of the carbonate salt phase decreases with decreasing fraction of carbonate salt and that a partial melting occurs before the bulk melting point of the salt is reached. For all the composites, two regions may be observed for the conductivity, one below the carbonate salt melting point and one above the melting point. The conductivity is higher when electrolytes are tested in anode gas than when tested in cathode gas, at least for electrolytes with less than half the volume fraction consisting of carbonate salt. The higher the content of carbonate salt phase, the higher the conductivity of the composite for the temperature region above the carbonate melting point. Below the melting point, though, the conductivity does not follow this trend. Calculations on activation energies for the conductivity show no trend or value that indicates a certain transport mechanism for ion transport, either when changing between the different composites or between different gas environments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 172, no 2, 520-529 p.
Composite; Conductivity; Electrolyte; Fuel cell; ITSOFC; SDC
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7139DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.07.065ISI: 000250654700004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34748894956OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7139DiVA: diva2:12058
QC 201006302007-05-162007-05-162010-12-03Bibliographically approved