Wavefront Aberrations and Peripheral Vision
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Failing eyesight causes a dramatic change in life. The aim of this project is to help people with large central visual field loss to better utilize their remaining vision. Central visual field loss means that the person has to rely on peripheral vision since the direct vision is lost, often due to a dysfunctional macula. In these cases, a full restoration of vision would require replacement or repair of the damaged retinal tissue, which is not yet possible. Instead, the present study seeks to improve peripheral vision by enhancing the image quality on the remaining functional part of the retina by optical corrections. The off-axis optics of the human eye often suffers from large optical errors, which together with the lower sampling density of the retina explain the limited visual function in the periphery. The dominating aberrations are field curvature and oblique astigmatism, which induce an effective eccentric refractive error. However, the irregular character of the aberrations and the limited neural function in the periphery will make it difficult to find the optimal refractive correction; the conventional subjective refraction, for example, is not suitable for subjects with large central visual field loss. Within the work of this thesis a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor has been constructed for oblique aberration measurements. Wavefront sensing is an objective method to assess detailed information about the optical errors in the human eye. Theory and methods have been developed to allow accurate off-axis measurements of the large aberrations, enable eccentric fixation, and handle the elliptical pupil. The study has mainly concentrated on sphero-cylindrical correction of peripheral vision. Peripheral resolution and detection acuity thresholds have been evaluated for seven subjects with central visual field loss and ten control subjects with normal vision. Five of the subjects with field loss showed improved resolution acuity with eccentric refractive correction compared to their habitual central correction, whereas little change was found for the control subjects. These results demonstrate that correction of peripheral optical errors can be beneficial to people with large central visual field loss in situations where a normal healthy eye does not experience any improvements. In conclusion, it is worthwhile to investigate the peripheral refractive errors in low-vision rehabilitation of central visual field loss and prescribe spectacle correction when those errors are large.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , ix, 52 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2007:34
Optics, Human eye, Aberrations, Peripheral vision, Central visual field loss
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4385ISBN: 978-91-7178-665-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4385DiVA: diva2:12079
2007-06-01, FD5, KTH, AlbaNova, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:00
Roorda, Austin, Professor
QC 201008092007-05-202007-05-202010-08-09Bibliographically approved
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