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Global Estimates of Errors in Quantum Computation by the Feynman-Vernon Formalism
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Computational Science and Technology (CST). Aalto Univ ;Chinese Acad Sci.
2018 (English)In: Journal of statistical physics, ISSN 0022-4715, E-ISSN 1572-9613, Vol. 171, no 5, p. 745-767Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The operation of a quantum computer is considered as a general quantum operation on a mixed state on many qubits followed by a measurement. The general quantum operation is further represented as a Feynman-Vernon double path integral over the histories of the qubits and of an environment, and afterward tracing out the environment. The qubit histories are taken to be paths on the two-sphere as in Klauder's coherent-state path integral of spin, and the environment is assumed to consist of harmonic oscillators initially in thermal equilibrium, and linearly coupled to to qubit operators . The environment can then be integrated out to give a Feynman-Vernon influence action coupling the forward and backward histories of the qubits. This representation allows to derive in a simple way estimates that the total error of operation of a quantum computer without error correction scales linearly with the number of qubits and the time of operation. It also allows to discuss Kitaev's toric code interacting with an environment in the same manner.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2018. Vol. 171, no 5, p. 745-767
Keywords [en]
Noisy quantum computing, Feynman-Vernon method
National Category
Mathematical Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-228421DOI: 10.1007/s10955-018-2037-6ISI: 000431888200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85045652738OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-228421DiVA, id: diva2:1210720
Note

QC 20180529

Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-29 Last updated: 2018-05-29Bibliographically approved

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