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Model investigation of condensation behaviors of alkalis during syngas treatment of pressurized biomass gasification
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6326-4084
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1837-5439
2018 (English)In: Chemical Engineering and Processing, ISSN 0255-2701, E-ISSN 1873-3204, Vol. 129, p. 28-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to eliminate problems such as corrosion and ash deposition caused by alkalis, effects of the biomass composition and the pressure of syngas in the downstream process on condensation of alkalis in a wood steam/oxygen blown fluidized bed gasification process are investigated based on a model. This model is established by combining Aspen Plus with SimuSage. Aspen Plus is applied to predict the composition of major gas species formed by C, H, O, N, S and Cl, using empirical correlations to predict the yields of non-equilibrium substances. SimuSage is used to study the release and condensation of inorganics associated with the minor elements (Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na, P, Si and Ti) based on a customized thermodynamic database. Results show that carbonation reactions between alkalis and CO/CO2 can be occurred during gas cooling, leading to form alkali carbonates in the condensed phase. The temperature window forming melts varies with the change of the downstream pressure of syngas and the elemental composition of biomass. As the syngas pressure in the downstream process decreases, the initial temperature of forming melts during gas cooling is reduced. For biomass lower in K/Cl ratio, the condensate with the largest mass formed during gas cooling is potassium chloride. The condensation rate of Cl increases with the decrease of the K/Cl ratio in biomass.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 129, p. 28-36
Keywords [en]
Alkali metal, Biomass, Condensation, Gasification
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-228721DOI: 10.1016/j.cep.2018.05.001ISI: 000435059000004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85046685389OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-228721DiVA, id: diva2:1210936
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20180530

Available from: 2018-05-30 Created: 2018-05-30 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Wan, WeiEngvall, KlasWeihong, Yang

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