Monitoring Kinetics of Highly Environment Sensitive States of Fluorescent Molecules by Modulated Excitation and Time-Averaged Fluorescence Intensity Recording
2007 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 79, no 9, 3330-3341 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this work, a concept is described for how the kinetics of photoinduced, transient, long-lived, nonfluorescent or weakly fluorescent states of fluorophore marker molecules can be extracted from the time-averaged fluorescence by using time-modulated excitation. The concept exploits the characteristic variation of the population of these states with the modulation parameters of the excitation and thereby circumvents the need for time resolution in the fluorescence detection. It combines the single-molecule sensitivity of fluorescence detection with the remarkable environmental responsiveness obtainable from long-lived transient states, yet does not in itself impose any constraints on the concentration or the fluorescence brightness of the sample molecules that can be measured. Modulation of the excitation can be performed by variation of the intensity of a stationary excitation beam in time or by repeated translations of a CW excitation beam with respect to the sample. As a first experimental verification of the approach, we have shown how the triplet-state parameters of the fluorophore rhodamine 6G in different aqueous enviroments can be extracted. We demonstrate that the concept is fully compatible with low time-resolution detection by a CCD camera. The concept opens for automated transient-state monitoring or imaging on a massively parallel scale and for high-throughput biomolecular screening as well as for more fundamental biomolecular studies. The concept should also be applicable to the monitoring of a range of other photoinduced nonfluorescent or weakly fluorescent transient states, from which subtle changes in the immediate microenvironment of the fluorophore marker molecules can be detected
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 79, no 9, 3330-3341 p.
Biomarkers; CCD cameras; Imaging systems; Molecular biology; Sensitivity analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7194DOI: 10.1021/ac0622680ISI: 000246027100008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34248153327OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7194DiVA: diva2:12130
QC 201008052007-05-292007-05-292014-09-24Bibliographically approved