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Conception, Implementation and Validation of Router for AUTOSAR
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The technology inside vehicles is becoming more advanced, with bandwidthintensive applications being supported in most cars. Next-generation cars are expected to contain complex Ethernet networks internally and connect to external networks such as Vehicle to Grid (V2G) systems, the Internet, and diagnostic equipment. To support complex network topologies, Internet layer routing is an essential feature that needs to be supported. Since vehicles may need to connect to both Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4) and Version 6 (IPv6) nodes, the routing module should additionally support IPv4-IPv6 translation mechanism for nodes of different versions to communicate with each other. This thesis investigates the different Internet layer protocols of the Internet Protocol (IP) Suite specified by Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) which are necessary for an IP routing module for vehicular networks. The thesis designs and implements a prototype routing module on the Ethernet stack of the Electronic Control Unit (ECU) Basic Software (BSW). The design will conform to Automotive Open System Architecture (AUTOSAR) BSW specification which is the standard for ECU BSW. The performance of the prototype router on an ECU processor will be evaluated to conclude whether it can offer sufficient bandwidth and low latency for advanced automotive applications.

Abstract [sv]

Fordonstekniken blir alltmer avancerad med bandbredds-krävande applikationer i de flesta bilar. Nästa generations bilar förväntas innehålla komplexa interna Ethernet-nätverk vilka är anslutna till externa nätverk som V2G, internet samt diagnostisk utrustning. För att stödja komplexa nätverkstopologier är internet layer (IP) routing en viktig funktion. Eftersom fordonet kan behöva anslutas till både Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4)och Version 6 (IPv6)-noder, bör routningsmodulen också stödja IPv4-IPv6 översättningsmekanismer så att noder av olika versioner kan kommunicera med varandra. Detta examensarbete undersöker de olika protokollen i Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)’s familj av Internet Protocol (IP) i syfte att utveckla en IP-nätverks routing-modul. I examensarbetet konstrueras och implementeras en prototyp-routnings-modul i Ethernetstacken på en elektronisk styrenhets (ECU) Basic Software (BSW) Operativsystem. Konstruktionen matchar Automotive Open System Architecture (AUTOSAR) BSW-specifikation vilken utgör standarden BSW-ECU. Utvecklingen av prototyp-routern på en ECU utvärderas i syfte att avgöra om den kan ge tillräcklig bandbredd och tillräckligt låg latens för tillämpning i avancerade bilar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 107
Series
TRITA-ICT-EX ; 2017:172
Keyword [en]
IP routing, AUTOSAR, IETF, IPv4-IPv6 Translation, Network Address Translation
Keyword [sv]
IP routing, AUTOSAR, IETF, IPv4-IPv6 Translation, Network Address Translation
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-229450OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-229450DiVA, id: diva2:1213078
Subject / course
Computer Science
Educational program
Master of Science - Embedded Systems
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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