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Från elev till verksam timmerman: en utvecklingsprocess
Högskolan Dalarna.
2006 (Swedish)In: Arbetsliv i omvandling, ISSN 1404-8426, no 13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie har sin grund i timmerhusbranschens behov av ny arbetskraft. Enförutsättning för hantverksyrkets överlevnad var personer som ville utbilda sigtill timmermän, för att sedan arbeta i och utveckla branschen.Syftet är att undersöka om, och i så fall hur, attraktiviteten i hantverksyrkettimmerhustillverkning förändras under och efter utbildning. Därtill förs resonemangom vad som påverkat individens bedömning av attraktiviteten.Den longitudinella studien har pågått från 2001 till 2005. Undersökningsgrupphar varit de två första årgångarna elever (skola-arbetslivsgrupp) på den nystartadeettåriga gymnasiala påbyggnadskursen Tillverkning av timmerhus. Somkomplement har elever i de två därpå följande årgångarna (skolgrupp) studeratsunder sin utbildningstid. De metoder som använts är enkäter, semistruktureradeintervjuer, fokusgrupper, informella samtal, samt studier av egna och andrasmötes- och observationsanteckningar.Den övergripande slutsatsen från studien är att attraktiviteten i hantverksyrketförändrades under och efter utbildningen. Förväntningarna på kommande arbetesolika aspekter var högre än realiteten vid yrkesverksamhet. Dock var arbetetsattraktivitet, totalt sett, högre vid yrkesverksamhet än samma arbetes attraktiviteti slutet av utbildningen.Det är många och varierande aspekter som bidrar till att göra ett arbeteattraktivt. En förändrad värdering av ett aktuellt arbete beror både på förändradvärdering av olika aspekters betydelse och på förändrad upplevelse av det aktuellaarbetet. Arbete med tillverkning av timmerhus anses attraktivt av dem somutbildat sig till yrket och därmed uppfyller det traditionella hantverksyrket i höggrad deras postmaterialistiska värderingar. Positiva samband finns mellan utbildningsyrketsoch utbildningens attraktivitet. Nyutbildade upplever, jämfört mederfarna yrkesmän, att hantverksarbetet i högre grad uppfyllde deras önskemål avarbete.Även om arbete med tillverkning av timmerhus anses attraktivt finns områdensom behöver utvecklas för att öka attraktiviteten, till exempel att erbjuda hälsosammarefysisk belastning och att underlätta inträde i yrket efter utbildning.Timmerhusbranschen behöver också arbeta för att skapa och visa upp timmermansyrketsom ett attraktivt arbete och lämpligt alternativ. De områden someleverna såg som attraktiva – till exempel att arbetet är skapande, bra miljö,uppskattning och eget arbetstempo – behöver förvaltas, utvecklas och marknadsförasför att locka och behålla nya timmermän i branschen.

Abstract [en]

This study has a point of departure in the recruitment difficulties in the log housebuilding sector. The need of persons who wants to educate in, work with anddevelop the sector was seen as a precondition for the survival of the sector.The aim of the study is to investigate if the attractiveness of the handcraft ofloghouse production changes during and after education, and if so, how itchanges. Moreover, which aspects that influence the individual’s estimation ofthe attractiveness will be discussed.The study has been conducted from 2001–2005. Apprentices from the firstfour years of the recently-started one-year post-secondary training programmeentitled “Production of loghouse” have been respondents. The apprentices fromthe first two years have been in focus of the study and apprentices from the thirdand fourth year have been studied as complement. Methods used are surveys,semi-structured interviews, focus groups, informal discussions, and studies ofboth own and other’s documentation from meetings and observations.The main conclusion is that the attractiveness of handcrafted loghouseproduction did change during and after the education. Also the expectations onareas of the future work were higher than the reality in the occupation. Although,the overall attractivity of the handcraft was perceived to be higher in theoccupation, than at the end of the education.There are many and varying areas which contribute to make a work attractive.A changed valuation of the attractiveness of the actual work depend both onchanged valuation of the importance of separate areas and on changed view ofthe actual work. Work with production of log houses are seen as attractive bypersons educated for the work and the traditional handcraft will thereby to a highdegree fulfil their post materialistic values. Relations were found between theattractiveness of the education and the attractiveness of the handcraft. Newlyeducated persons find, compared to experienced workers, that the handcraft to ahigher degree fulfils their wishes of work.Even though work with production of log houses is seen as attractive, there areareas which needs to be developed to increase the attractivity, for example tooffer healthier physical workload and to make the transition from education tooccupation easier. The sector of log house production also needs to make effortsto create and present the work as an attractive work. The areas which are seen asattractive, for example creativeness, should be conserved, developed andmarketed in aim to attract and keep new log house builders in the sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. no 13
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7210OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7210DiVA: diva2:12150
Note
QC 20100713Available from: 2007-05-29 Created: 2007-05-29 Last updated: 2010-07-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Attraktivitetens dynamik: studier av förändringar i arbetets attraktivitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attraktivitetens dynamik: studier av förändringar i arbetets attraktivitet
2007 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

This thesis takes a point of departure in the problems to recruit and retain personnel in woodworking companies. Companies, actors of society and researchers started with the ambition to create work which people, especially young ones, would like to have and where employees want to stay. The research has been carried out within the att…-project in collaboration between Dalarna University and National Institute for Working Life.

The primary purpose was to create deeper understanding of characteristics of attractive work. A distinction has been made between on the one hand what makes work attractive, and on the other hand changes of the attractiveness. The empirical problem with recruitment was a starting point, followed by an interaction between theory and empiricism. The relation to practioners can be described as interactive with usefulness in focus. Questionnaires, group discussions and interviews, as well as informal conversations, have been used in five separate studies.

The attractiveness of work depends on the individual’s estimation of the totality of work based upon her/his life situation. Characteristic for attractive work is that it is dynamic and comparative. Positive factors of work are related to other employments or to the idea of attractive work. A model of attractive work which represents an overall picture regarding what makes work attractive contains about 80 qualities in 22 dimensions. One finding is that changes in one dimension influences other dimensions. Another finding is that changed estimations of work depends both on changed valuation of the importance of different aspects of work, and on changed conception of the aspects.

It is not enough to do a single effort aimed at retaining and recruiting personnel since the attractiveness of work is dynamic and comparisons are made with other employments. Companies must continuously do efforts for more attractive work. Existing attractive qualities that are hidden from applicants can be displayed. Other qualities can be realized and added to. Knowledge about what makes work attractive and about the dynamic of the attractiveness is valuable to create more attractive work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2007. 59, [2] p.
Series
Trita-IEO, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2007:03
Keyword
attractive work, needs, motivation, work satisfaction, dynamics, work environment, woodworking industry, log house building
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4401 (URN)978-91-7178-683-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-06-07, Sal F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100713Available from: 2007-05-29 Created: 2007-05-29 Last updated: 2010-07-13Bibliographically approved

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