Degradation of recycled high-impact polystyrene. Simulation by reprocessing and thermo-oxidation
2006 (English)In: Polymer degradation and stability, ISSN 0141-3910, E-ISSN 1873-2321, Vol. 91, no 9, 2163-2170 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A simulation of the degradation of high-impact polystyrene (HIPS), occurring during service life and mechanical recycling, was performed by multiple processing and thermo-oxidative ageing. All samples were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), melt mass-flow rate (MFR) measurements, tensile testing and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Multiple processing and thermo-oxidative ageing clearly alter the oxidative stability and the elongation at break of the materials. These changes observed at a macroscopic scale have been related to chemical alterations in the structure of HIPS. The polybutadiene phase was demonstrated to be the initiation point of the degradative processes induced by processing, service life and mechanical recycling. Thermo-oxidative degradation affects more severely the degree of degradation of the material, so it may be deduced that the changes occurring during service life of HIPS are the part of the life cycle that mostly affects its further recycling possibilities and performance in second-market applications.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 91, no 9, 2163-2170 p.
recycling, degree of degradation, high-impact polystyrene, reprocessing, thermo-oxidation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7224DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2006.01.007ISI: 000238918200031ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33744510923OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7224DiVA: diva2:12170
QC 201009072007-05-302007-05-302010-09-20Bibliographically approved