Thin film Pt/TiO2 catalysts for the polymer electrolyte fuel cell
2007 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, Vol. 163, no 2, 671-678 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thin film Pt/TiO2 catalysts are evaluated in a polymer electrolyte electrochemical cell. Individual thin films of Pt and TiO2, and bilayers of them, were deposited directly on Nafion membranes by thermal evaporation with varying deposition order and thickness (Pt loadings of 3-6 mu g cm(-2)). Structural and chemical characterization was performed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) polarization plots show that the presence of a thin TiO2 layer between the platinum and the Nation increases the performance compared to a Pt film deposited directly on Nation. Based on the TEM analysis, we attribute this improvement to a better dispersion of Pt on TiO2 compared to on Nalion and in addition, substantial proton conduction through the thin Ti02 layer. It is also shown that deposition order and the film thickness affects the performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 163, no 2, 671-678 p.
fuel cells; polymer electrolyte; oxygen reduction; electrocatalyst; Pt; TiO2
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7242DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.10.005ISI: 000243650800007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33845722564OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7242DiVA: diva2:12195
QC 201007062007-05-312007-05-312010-07-06Bibliographically approved