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Modelling of the pyrolysis of large wood particles
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology.
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Wood is an interesting alternative to fossil fuels. It is CO2-neutral and widely available. However it is a difficult fuel to handle which features a low energy content. Thus technologies for wood thermal conversion need to be improved.

This work concerns the development of a comprehensive two-dimensional mathematical model describing the pyrolysis of large wood particles and its implementation in a Fortran program. The model has been continuously tested and improved by experimental results obtained in a reactor for single particle pyrolysis (SPAR) at the Division of Physical Chemistry at Göteborg University.

The first part of the thesis (Paper I) presents a kinetic study of the pyrolysis of large wood particles, based on experiments carried out in the SPAR. Three pyrolysis kinetic schemes were selected for later inclusion in a model featuring heat and mass transfer.

Paper II concerns the addition of a sub-model for heat and mass transfer to the three kinetic schemes. The resulting model for large wood particles has been tested against experiments in the SPAR. A scheme based on two competing reactions developed from experiments at low temperature pyrolysis in the SPAR was found to perform well but its empirical nature limits its validity to the experimental conditions of the SPAR. A scheme from the literature based on TGA experiments appeared promising, especially when planning to enhance it with secondary reactions.

Paper III deals with the development of shrinkage models for 2D cylindrical particles. The predicted mass loss, size variation and surface temperature were tested against experiments carried out in the SPAR. The shrinkage does not a?ect the pyrolysis rate or the surface temperature in the conditions prevailing in the SPAR.

Paper IV investigates the influence of different shrinkage models and the geometry on the heating rate of a shrinking particle. Shrinkage influences the heating rate positively by increasing the conductive

heat flow and negatively by decreasing the surface area of the particle. Therefore the net effect of shrinkage on the heating rate depends on the particle geometry and the location of shrinkage.

Paper V studies three di?erent models for wood drying under pyrolysis conditions.

The predicted surface temperature and global drying rate were compared with experimental results from pyrolysis experiments of wet particles in the SPAR. A model based on a first order kinetic evaporation rate was found to be the most interesting because of the quality of the prediction of the drying rate and the ease of implementation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , vi, 97 p.
Series
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2007:37
Keyword [en]
drying, modelling, pyrolysis, shrinkage, wood
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4422ISBN: 978-91-7178-709-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4422DiVA: diva2:12258
Public defence
2007-06-15, Sal F2, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, SE-100 44, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100624Available from: 2007-06-04 Created: 2007-06-04 Last updated: 2012-03-19Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The pyrolysis kinetics of a single wood particle
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The pyrolysis kinetics of a single wood particle
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2001 (English)In: IEA bioenergy, Vol. 2, 1129-1142 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7290 (URN)
Note
QC 20100624Available from: 2007-06-04 Created: 2007-06-04 Last updated: 2012-01-03Bibliographically approved
2. Surface temperature of wood particles during pyrolysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Surface temperature of wood particles during pyrolysis
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2006 (English)In: Science in thermal and chemical biomass conversion, CPL Press , 2006, 1174- p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CPL Press, 2006
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7291 (URN)1872691978 (ISBN)9781872691978 (ISBN)
Conference
The sixth international conference on Science in Thermal and Chemical Biomass Conversion. Victoria BC Canada. August 2004
Note
QC 20100624Available from: 2007-06-04 Created: 2007-06-04 Last updated: 2012-01-03Bibliographically approved
3. Pyrolysis of large wood particles: a study of shrinkage importance in simulations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pyrolysis of large wood particles: a study of shrinkage importance in simulations
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2003 (English)In: Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, Vol. 82, no 12, 1541-1548 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Shrinkage models have been developed and included in a model for the pyrolysis of large wood particles. Shrinkage is modelled in three different ways: uniform shrinkage, shrinking shell and shrinking cylinders. These models and a reference model without shrinkage are compared with experimental data for mass loss versus time during pyrolysis of birch cylinders at different temperatures. In the experiments a wood particle was introduced into a pyrolysis furnace held at constant temperature. The particle mass and volume were recorded using a balance and a video camera. Uniform shrinkage slows down the pyrolysis whereas shrinking shell and cylinder models enhance the pyrolysis rate. The effect was sufficiently small to be neglected given the uncertainty about some wood physical properties.

Keyword
wood pyrolysis, shrinkage, simulation
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7292 (URN)10.1016/S0016-2361(03)00062-0 (DOI)000183747700011 ()
Note
QC 20100624Available from: 2007-06-04 Created: 2007-06-04 Last updated: 2012-01-03Bibliographically approved
4. Influence of different shrinkage models and fuel geometry on heat transfer during rapid pyrolysis of solid biofuels
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influence of different shrinkage models and fuel geometry on heat transfer during rapid pyrolysis of solid biofuels
2002 (English)In: Proceedings of the Finnish-Swedish FlameDays: Adapting Combustion Technology to New Fuels and Fuel Mixtures,september 2002, Vaasa, Finland: The Finnish and Swedish National Committees of The International Flame Research Foundation, IFRF, 2002Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7293 (URN)
Conference
The Finnish-Swedish FlameDays,september 2002, Vaasa, Finland
Note
QC 20100628Available from: 2007-06-04 Created: 2007-06-04 Last updated: 2012-01-03Bibliographically approved
5. Fast drying of large wood particles under pyrolysing conditions: experimental study and modelling
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fast drying of large wood particles under pyrolysing conditions: experimental study and modelling
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(English)In: Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7294 (URN)
Note
QS 2011Available from: 2007-06-04 Created: 2007-06-04 Last updated: 2011-12-06Bibliographically approved

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