Influence of liquid diffusion on the performance of polymer materials in industrial applications
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Diffusion of liquids into and through polymers is an important factor that negatively may influence the durability or lifetime of a polymer structure used in industrial applications. In this work two types of polymers, a liquid crystalline polymer (LCP, Vectra A950) and various thermoset resins as used in fibre reinforced plastics (FRP) process equipment were studied with regard to barrier properties, chemical resistance and long-term performance. LCP are known for their outstanding chemical resistance and barrier properties. FRP used in process equipment may be a cost-efficient solution in chemically aggressive environments where standard carbon or stainless steel cannot be used due to its limited corrosion resistance. Transport properties of typical industrial environments were determined for the LCP and the influence of annealing and orientation was investigated to study whether the barrier properties can be improved. The possibility to use LCP as cost-effective lining for FRP was explored. Special focus was put on the diffusion of water and its effect on long-term transport properties and stability of thermoset resins as the performance of FRP is strongly related to the diffusion of water.
The results showed that Vectra A950 was suitable for organic solvent and non-oxidising acid environments. Its transport properties were gravimetrically determined and found to be 10 to 102 times lower than that of a high barrier fluoropolymer of type FEP. The degree of molecular packing increased with annealing time both below and above the melting point. Below the melting point this was – at least – partly due to crystal formation whereas above the melting point other mechanisms were involved. The effects of annealing and orientation on the transport properties in LCP were, however, very small or not significant and probably significantly longer annealing times are required. LCP has potential to be used as lining material for FRP as the use of an LCP-lining substantially reduced the permeability of and the solute sorption in a bisphenol A epoxy-based vinyl ester resin. The bonding strength was improved significantly by a combined abrasive and oxygen plasma treatment.
The long-term sorption of water in thermoset resins including bisphenol A epoxy-based vinyl ester, novolac-based vinyl ester, urethane modified vinyl ester and bisphenol A polyester resins was found to increase with exposure time whereas the diffusion coefficient was not significantly affected. It was shown that the presence of water induced relaxation processes that were considered to be the primarily reason for the increase in sorption coefficient in comparison to degradation processes, such as hydrolysis, causing osmotic processes. A general relationship for the estimation of the sorption coefficient at 80ºC in dependence of the water activity and the sorption coefficient at unit activity independent of the resin type was established.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Fiber- och polymerteknologi , 2007.
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2007:35
LCP, Vectra A950, thermoset resin, FRP, diffusion, disclination, annealing, lining, bonding, long-term properties in water
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4433ISBN: 978-91-7178-694-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4433DiVA: diva2:12298
2007-06-07, K2, KTH, Teknikringen, Stockholm, 14:00
Berglund, Lars, Professor
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