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Adaptation in multiple input multiple output systems with channel state information at transmitter
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

This thesis comprises two parts: the first part presents channel-adaptive techniques to achieve high spectral efficiency in a single user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system; the second part exhibits a programmable and reconfigurable software-defined-radio orkbench(SDR-WB) in the Matlab/Octave environment that accommodates a variety of wireless applications.

In an attempt to achieve high spectral efficiency, an adaptive modulation technique is applied at the transmitter to vary the data rate depending on the channel state information (CSI). To further enhance the spectral efficiency, adaptive power allocation schemes are applied in the spatial domain to adjust the power on every transmit antenna. We analyze several power control schemes subject to a peak power constraint to maximize the spectral efficiency given an instantaneous target bit-error-rate (BER). A novel power allocation trategy is proposed to achieve high spectral efficiency with relatively low complexity. In addition, adaptive techniques that switch across different MIMO schemes enables even higher spectral efficiency by choosing the scheme with the highest spectral efficiency. We propose a new method to switch between spatial multiplexing with zero-forcing (ZF) detection and orthogonal space-time block coding (OSTBC). This is done by exploiting closed form expressions of the spectral efficiencies--discrete rate spectral efficiency--and finding the crossing points of the two curves. The proposed adaptation scheme adds limited complexity to the transmitter since it requires only statistical information of the channel, which does not change as time evolves.

Software Defined Radio (SDR) has received more and more interest recently as a promising multi-band multi-standard solution for transceiver design. In order to support as many wireless applications as possible, we build up a programmable and reconfigurable workbench, namely SDR-WB, in Matlab/Octave environment. The workbench is functionally modularized into generic blocks to facilitate fast development and verification of new algorithms and architectures. The modulation formats that are currently supported by the SDR-WB are MIMO, Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), MIMO-OFDM, DS-CDMA and Filtered Multitone (FMT).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , xv, 72 p.
Trita-ICT-ECS AVH, ISSN 1653-6363 ; 07:04
Keyword [en]
MIMO, adaptive modulation, power allocation, spectral efficiency, CSI
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4443ISBN: 978-91-7178-703-3OAI: diva2:12328
2007-06-01, sal E, Forum, IT-Universitetet, Kista, 14:00
QC 20101108Available from: 2007-06-20 Created: 2007-06-20 Last updated: 2010-11-08Bibliographically approved

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