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New Concept on Photocatalytic Degradation of Thiophene Derivatives: Experimental and DFT Studies
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2018 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 122, no 27, p. 15646-15651Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, the photocatalytic degradation of seven sulfur compounds (2-methylthiophene, 3-methylthiophene, 2-phenylthiophene, 3-phenylthiophene, 2,5-diphenylthiophene, 2-(2-thienyl) pyridine, and 2-(3-thienyl) pyridine in semiaqueous medium are compared to thiophene. The apparent-reaction-rate constant (k) is found to decrease in the following order: 2,5-diphenylthiophene > 2-(2-thienyl) pyridine > 2-penhylthiophene methylthiophene > 3-penhylthiophene > 2-methylthiophene > 2-(3-thienyl) pyridine > 3-thiophene. From the data obtained by UV light absorption (lambda(max)) measurements and electronic structure calculations (frontier orbitals energy, global hardness, and global softness), the kinetic parameters of the reaction have been determined. Among the studied compounds, thiophene with a high lambda(max) and low calculated LUMO-HOMO gap energy has showed higher activity under UV irradiation. Interestingly, a lower activity is observed with low lambda(max) and high LUMO-HOMO gap energy. This demonstrates, for the first time, that the reactivity depends essentially on the thermodynamic stability of the sulfur compound rather than on the nature or the position of the substituent on the ring.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2018. Vol. 122, no 27, p. 15646-15651
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Inorganic Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-232903DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b03640ISI: 000439003600063Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85048702019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-232903DiVA, id: diva2:1237384
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QC 20180808

Available from: 2018-08-08 Created: 2018-08-08 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved

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Ahuja, Rajeev

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