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The wealth of regions: geographic concentration , entrepreneurship and regional growth
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering.
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of three individual essays and an introductory chapter. The essays contribute to the current vein of empirical literature on economic geography and entrepreneurship. In two of the three essays the empirical analysis is preformed using panel data cross tabulated over years, regions and industries; whereas the third essay use data distributed over years and regions. The first essay implements a measure of geographic concentration and investigates the extent of concentration in Swedish industries and the relationship to economic growth specified as labour productivity. The second essay focuses on the composition of industry concentration. Using a similar measure as in the first essay the co-location of Swedish industries are investigated as well as the relationship to economic growth. The third essay explores the connection between entrepreneurship and regional growth – measured as employment growth – in Sweden and the U.S.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , 25 p.
Series
TRITA-TEC-LIC, ISSN 1653-445X ; 07-001
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4464ISBN: 978-91-85539-20-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4464DiVA: diva2:12392
Presentation
2007-06-08, 5055, KTH, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, Stockholm, 15:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20101103

Available from: 2007-07-24 Created: 2007-07-24 Last updated: 2016-05-31Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Geographical concentration, entrepreneurship and regional growth: Evidence from regional data in Sweden, 1975-99
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Geographical concentration, entrepreneurship and regional growth: Evidence from regional data in Sweden, 1975-99
2004 (English)In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 38, no 8, 929-947 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Geographical concentration, entrepreneurship and regional growth: evidence from regional data in Sweden, 1975-99, Regional Studies 38, 929-947. This paper implements Swedish data cross-tabulated on 143 industries (four-digit level) and 70 labour market regions for 1975-99 to examine empirically the degree of concentration in the production of goods and services, the relationship between concentration and regional growth, and the role of regional entrepreneurship. To our knowledge, these issues have not been analysed previously at this level of aggregation. Ellison-Glaeser indexes and Gini location quotients reveal a geographical concentration in Swedish industry that is stronger than in the USA. The econometric results imply a 2-6% higher growth in regionally concentrated industries. The effect is more pronounced for knowledge-intensive manufacturing, network industries and industries intensively using raw material. It is also found that regional entrepreneurship and regional absorption capacity are important explanations of regional growth, whereas the impact of the skill-level and economies of scale is more mixed.

Keyword
regional growth, geographic concentration, entrepreneurship, skills, endogenous growth, agglomeration, productivity, innovation, model
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23879 (URN)10.1080/0034340042000280947 (DOI)000225135600006 ()
Note
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
2. Agglomeration, Diversity and Regional Growth: The effects of poly-industrial versus mono-industrial agglomerations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agglomeration, Diversity and Regional Growth: The effects of poly-industrial versus mono-industrial agglomerations
2006 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper is to empirically examine the importance of the structure of agglomeration on productivity and growth. To accomplish this we will include the degree of co-agglomeration of similar industries as an explanatory variable in the empirical analysis, while simultaneously controlling for the degree of industry-specific agglomeration. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of co-agglomerated industries on productivity has not previously been investigated. The empirical analysis confirms a positive statistical relationship between interdependent and co-located industries on labour productivity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CESIS, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2006. 31 p.
Series
CESIS Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, 71
Keyword
Co-agglomeration, productivity, growth
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-72301 (URN)
Note
QC 20120208Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-01-31 Last updated: 2016-05-31Bibliographically approved
3. The impact of entrepreneurship on local growth: A comparision of the U.S. and Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of entrepreneurship on local growth: A comparision of the U.S. and Sweden
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The U.S. is traditionally viewed as an economy driven by entrepreneurs, whereas the Swedish model is associated with high welfare ambitions and less focus on entrepreneurial activities. This paper seeks to empirically investigate whether the connection between entrepreneurship and growth at the regional level differs between the U.S. and Sweden. By regressing annual entrepreneurship on regional employment growth (and controlling for other conceivable variables impacting employment growth) entrepreneurship is shown to be positively and significantly associated with regional growth in both countries in the 1990s. Still, the result is more robust for the U.S. Other important variables for regional growth is business density and, in the case of the U.S., educational levels and internal scale economies.

Keyword
Entrepreneurship, Knowledge spillovers, Regional growth
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25871 (URN)
Note
QC 20101103Available from: 2010-11-03 Created: 2010-11-03 Last updated: 2010-11-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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