Towards a methodology for integrated design of mechatronic servo systems
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Traditional methods for mechatronics design are often based on a sequential approach, where the mechanical structure is designed first, and then fitted with off-the-shelf electric motors, drive electronics, gearheads and sensors. Finally a control system is designed and optimized for the already existing physical system. Such a design method, that doesn’t consider aspects from a control point of view during the design of the physical system, is unlikely to result in a system with optimal control performance. Furthermore, to separately design and optimize each of the physical components will, from a global perspective, generally not result in a system that is optimal from a weight, size or cost perspective.
In order to reach the optimal design of an integrated mechatronic system (mechatronic module) it is necessary to treat the system as a whole, considering aspects from all involved engineering domains concurrently. In this thesis such an approach to integrated design of mechatronic servo systems is presented. A design methodology that considers the simultaneous design of the electric machine, gearhead, machine driver and control system, and therefore enables global optimization, has been developed. The target of the design methodology is conceptual design and evaluation. It is assumed that the load to be driven by the servo system is known and well defined, a load profile describing the wanted load motion and the corresponding torque, is required as input. The methodology can then be used to derive the lightest or smallest possible system that can drive the specified load. Furthermore, the control performance is evaluated and optimized, such that the physical system design and the controller design are integrated.
The methodology is based on modelling and simulation. Two types of component models have been developed, static and dynamic models. The static models describe relations between the parameters of the physical components, for example a component’s torque rating as function of its size. The static models are based on traditional design rules and are used to optimize the physical parts of the system. The dynamic models describe the behaviour of the components and are used for control system design and performance optimization.
The gear ratio is identified to be the most central design variable when designing and optimizing electromechanical servo systems. The gear ratio directly affects the required size of the gearhead, electric machine and the machine driver. But it has also large influences on the system’s control performance. It is concluded that high gear ratios generally are better from a control point of view than low ratios. A consequence of this is that it is possible, without compromising the control performance, to use less expensive (less accurate) sensors and microprocessors in high gear ratio servo systems, while low gear ratio systems require more expensive hardware. It is also concluded that it is essential to include all performance limiting phenomena, linear as well as non-linear, in this type of integrated analysis. Using for example a linearized system description for controller design, means that many of the most important couplings between control system and physical system design are overlooked.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , viii, 106 p.
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2007:07
Mechatronics, Servo Systems, Design Methodology, Integrated Design
Reliability and Maintenance
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4473OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4473DiVA: diva2:12432
2007-09-14, Sydvästra galleriet, KTH main library, Osquars backe 31, Stockholm, 10:00
van Brussel, Hendrik, Prof.
Wikander, JanJohansson, Hans
QC 201008162007-08-232007-08-232010-08-16Bibliographically approved
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