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Investigation of DC-Biased Optical OFDM With Precoding Matrix for Visible Light Communications: Theory, Simulations, and Experiments
Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Opt & Elect Informat, Wuhan Natl Lab Optoelect, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China.;Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Opt & Elect Informat, Natl Engn Lab Next Generat Internet Access Syst, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Opt & Elect Informat, Wuhan Natl Lab Optoelect, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China.;Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Opt & Elect Informat, Natl Engn Lab Next Generat Internet Access Syst, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Opt & Elect Informat, Wuhan Natl Lab Optoelect, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China.;Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Opt & Elect Informat, Natl Engn Lab Next Generat Internet Access Syst, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Opt & Elect Informat, Wuhan Natl Lab Optoelect, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China.;Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Opt & Elect Informat, Natl Engn Lab Next Generat Internet Access Syst, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
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2018 (English)In: IEEE Photonics Journal, ISSN 1097-5764, E-ISSN 1943-0655, Vol. 10, no 5, article id 7906916Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexing (OFDM) technology is widely used in visible light communication (VLC) to achieve high data rate transmission. However, the traditional direct-current (DC)-biased optical OFDM (DCO-OFDM) VLC systems suffer from the high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) which causes signal clipping distortion, and, thus, performance degradation. Furthermore, severe high-frequency fading due to the limited system bandwidth results in poor bit error rate (BER) performance. Precoding matrix (PM) techniques have been proposed to enhance the performance of VLC OFDM transmission, but a little or no work has been carried out in investigating the theory of PM used in OFDM VLC systems. In this paper, we aim to reveal the theory of PM-DCO-OFDM for a VLC system. To figure out the intrinsic laws of a PM method, we investigate the principles of PAPR reduction, clipping distortion optimization, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) distribution equalization. Based on the analysis of PAPR, we theoretically proved the simplicity of PM as a method to reduce the possibility of high PAPR by improving the autocorrelation performance of input symbols. The clipping distortion could be improved due to the reduction of high PAPR. Moreover, the relatively uniform SNR distribution can be achieved by PM through equalizing the clipping and channel noise, which is beneficial to improve the BER performance in high-frequency constrained systems. However, the PM method used in a DCO-OFDM VLC system should consider the transmitting power, modulation format, and transmission distance as a whole to achieve the transmission performance improvement. The simulation results demonstrate the complementary cumulative distribution function of PAPR can be reduced similar to 3 dB, while the performance of clipping distortion power and clipping error probability are significantly improved. Furthermore, experiment is carried out with results showing that the PM method can improve the BER performance in the case that VLC OFDM transmission has enough transmitting power, but with the low transmitting power, the PM also can damage the BER performance. The simulation and experiment results are consistent with our theoretical analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC , 2018. Vol. 10, no 5, article id 7906916
Keywords [en]
Visible light communication, DC-biased optical OFDM, PAPR, SNR distribution, precoding matrix
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-235600DOI: 10.1109/JPHOT.2018.2866952ISI: 000444774000001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052678246OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-235600DiVA, id: diva2:1252166
Note

QC 20181001

Available from: 2018-10-01 Created: 2018-10-01 Last updated: 2018-10-01Bibliographically approved

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