Corrosion of copper canisters through microbially mediated sulphate reduction
2006 (English)In: Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX / [ed] VanIseghem P., 2006, Vol. 932, 861-868 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
A biogeochemical model was developed with an aim to illustrate the transport and reaction processes that may be involved in copper canister corrosion by sulphide in a deep repository for nuclear waste. Sulphide concentrations in the groundwaters in Sweden are relatively low and are generally considered to be of little importance for corrosion of the copper canisters. Sulphate, however, is present in relatively large amounts (50-700 mg/L) and may be reduced to sulphide by reaction with organic matter. Mediated by microbes, the reduction rate may be increased considerably compared to abiotic reduction. Microbially mediated sulphate reduction occurs in many natural environments, provided that reactive organic matter is available. Groundwater analyses indicate relatively high concentrations of dissolved methane (up to 16 mg/L) which thermodynamically is a suitable reducing agent. This processes could occur in fractures in the bedrock provided that substrates are continuously supplied and that there is a sink for the reaction products. In the repository, the copper canisters may provide a sink for sulphide that yields a favourable environment for the microbe population. The model domain includes a canister with surrounding backfill material intersected by a hydraulically conductive fracture. Transport of substrates and reaction products in the fracture and backfill as well as microbially mediated reaction at the fracture opening is included in the model. Results indicate that microbially produced sulphide could potentially contribute to canister corrosion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 932, 861-868 p.
, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, ISSN 0272-9172 ; 932
Groundwater; Microorganisms; Reaction kinetics; Reduction; Sulfur compounds; Transport properties; Copper canisters; Microbially mediated sulphate reduction; Reaction products; Reducing agent; Copper corrosion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7490ISI: 000239003700102ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33746101447ISBN: 1-55899-889-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7490DiVA: diva2:12529
29th International Symposium on the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management, Ghent, Belgium, Sep. 12-16, 2005, Mat Res Soc
QC 201008182007-09-192007-09-192011-10-05Bibliographically approved