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Perspectives on Cooperative Design
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The cooperative design approach, which research and practice have proven to be successful in several ways, is based on understanding users and their contexts through a variety of methods. This approach of working closely together with the users, however, is not the same thing as letting the users decide themselves what to design. Rather it means that designers in an interdisciplinary research team, working in close collaboration with the users, will use their design skills and collected knowledge about the users to produce good designs. Though cooperative design has proven successful, there are ways in which it could be improved.

Cooperative design derived as a result of criticism about the lack of focus on users in the design process. In this sense, cooperative design has been the critical view, whereas socio-cultural perspectives such as gender, values and power relations have been either suppressed, deliberately or not, or not taken into consideration to the full extent that they could be. In contrast, three important elements of cultural studies research are meaning, identity and power. Research in this field examines the relationship between people and context, and between cultural and social practices, as well as on forces that change or preserve power structures. One aim of this thesis is to emphasise the importance of these issues within cooperative design.

The focus of my thesis is to, through a phenomenological approach and a critical view of the different cooperative design projects I have participated in, discuss issues that have either been part of the projects’ structure, or have been imposed on the projects by circumstances that perhaps could not be foreseen. Three main issues that need further investigation to understand how they affect the design process are discussed: language and meaning, the individual in the group-oriented activities of cooperative design, and finally power relations and structures. I use myself as the subject through which the socio-cultural and critical viewpoints are shown. My aim is to show that there are aspects of the individual researcher in the cooperative design process that impact the design space and design.

Through a critical discussion of the projects and related issues, this thesis argues that the cooperative design process can involve data and methods that we do not always know how to handle. As a result, we can miss important aspects of the research or end up in difficult dilemmas. Therefore, we need to better understand on what grounds we make design decisions in the cooperative design process, investigate what effect the individual has in group-oriented design processes, and examine how culture, language and power structures guide us and how we use methods such as triangulation. I believe that researchers need to evaluate our cooperative design process from the outside, with the goal of improving these processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , vi, 96 p.
Series
Trita-CSC-A, ISSN 1653-5723 ; 2007:13
Keyword [en]
Cooperative design, design process, culture, individual, intersectionality, power structure, triangulation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4495ISBN: 978-91-7178-757-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4495DiVA: diva2:12540
Public defence
2007-10-11, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 23, KTH, Stockholm, 00:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100519Available from: 2007-09-21 Created: 2007-09-21 Last updated: 2012-03-21Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Co-designing methods for designing with and for families
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-designing methods for designing with and for families
2003 (English)In: Proceedings Of 5th European Academy Of Design Conference, Barcelona, 28–30 April 2003, 2003Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper describes co-operative design work regarding the development of IT artefacts to be used for communicating within families. It shows advantages of codesigning together with users. Thereby obtaining ‘real life’ experience, understanding and knowledge about their needs and desires.

Since there was no specific solution or technology in mind from the beginning, several different methods were used in combination to investigate what had meaning to the family members. Some of the methods used are: cultural probes, interviews, observations, workshops, video brainstorming, prototyping in the homes, technology probes and individual assignments.

The researchers represent different academic professions, mainly ethnography, industrial design, interaction design, computer science. To minimize the problem of ‘handing over’ information, researchers from at least two different backgrounds participate in all work done together with the families.

Keyword
Co-operative design, industrial design, families, domestic environment, process, methods, probes, workshops, IT, ethnography
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-11256 (URN)
Conference
The 5th European Academy Of Design Conference, Barcelona, 28–30 April 2003
Projects
interLiving
Note
QC 20110207Available from: 2009-10-12 Created: 2009-10-12 Last updated: 2011-02-07Bibliographically approved
2. Artefacts for understanding
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Artefacts for understanding
2004 (English)In: Working papers in Art and Design, 2004: Research into practice conference, 2004, Vol. 3Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7493 (URN)
Note
QC 20100519Available from: 2007-09-21 Created: 2007-09-21 Last updated: 2012-03-22Bibliographically approved
3. Ajmo Splite: Come on Split! Tell Us What You Think!
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ajmo Splite: Come on Split! Tell Us What You Think!
Show others...
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the 4th decennial conference on Critical computing: between sense and sensibility, 2005, 182-186 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Technology has often been utilized to address the needs of specific communities. Understanding how technology could be incorporated into solutions for sustainable tourism is a particularly interesting design challenge. This paper describes how we tried to meet such a challenge in an effort to help the residents of Split, Croatia enter into a dialogue with their local authorities about how to develop sustainable tourism within the specific socio-political constraints of their region.

Keyword
children, interaction design, mobile communication, participatory design, political design and public displays, tourism
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7494 (URN)10.1145/1094562.1094594 (DOI)2-s2.0-77953643274 (Scopus ID)
Conference
4th Decennial Aarhus Conference on Critical Computing - Between Sense and Sensibility; Aarhus; Denmark; 20 August 2005 through 24 August 2005
Note

QC 20100519

Available from: 2007-09-21 Created: 2007-09-21 Last updated: 2014-12-02Bibliographically approved
4. Reflective Practitioners in a Reflective Practice: Cooperative Design and Delicate Matters
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reflective Practitioners in a Reflective Practice: Cooperative Design and Delicate Matters
2008 (English)In: 26th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: 2008 04 05 - 2008 04 10 Florence, Italy, 2008Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7495 (URN)
Note
QC 20100520Available from: 2007-09-21 Created: 2007-09-21 Last updated: 2012-03-21Bibliographically approved
5. The researcher’s role at stake: The meeting between the objective researcher and the subjective individual
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The researcher’s role at stake: The meeting between the objective researcher and the subjective individual
2005 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2005
Series
CID-307 Technical report CID/KTH
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7496 (URN)
Note
QC 20100520Available from: 2007-09-21 Created: 2007-09-21 Last updated: 2012-03-21Bibliographically approved

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