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Two-stage ex-situ catalytic pyrolysis of lignocellulose for the production of gasoline-range chemicals
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1837-5439
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9775-0382
2018 (English)In: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, ISSN 0165-2370, E-ISSN 1873-250X, Vol. 134, p. 454-464Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The appropriate system is needed to produce a scalable and economically viable renewable energy from biomass. The objective of this study is to improve the quality of bio-oil, in terms of Organic Liquid Product (OLP), water content, acidity, favourable fractions, as well as gasoline-range chemicals. The influence of a staged layered catalyst system consists of a mesoporous catalyst, Al-MCM-41, and a microporous catalyst, HZSM-5, on the bio-oil quality was investigated. Additionally, the effect of reaction temperatures in the range of 400-600 degrees C with the optimum staged catalyst system on the catalytic pyrolysis product was analysed. The experiments of lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis and catalytic pyrolysis were performed using a fixed bed reactor equipped with oil condensers and a gas collection sample bag. The quality of bio-oil produced from the thermal pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass, catalytic pyrolysis with single catalysts, catalytic pyrolysis with the staged catalyst system, as well as catalytic pyrolysis with mixed catalyst system was studied. The results show that Al-MCM-41 with HZSM-5 in the staged catalyst system enhanced the production of favourable compounds: hydrocarbons, phenols, furans, and alcohols. The favourable compounds yield that boosted 5.25-6.43% of that with single HZSM-5 catalyst was produced with HZSM-5:Al-MCM-41 mass ratio of 3:1 and 7:1. The pyrolysis and catalysis temperature of 500 degrees C with HZSM-5:Al-MCM-41 ratio of 3:1 obtained the optimum quality of bio-oil with 11.08 wt.% of OLP, 76.20% of favourable fractions, 41.97 wt.% of water content, low TAN of 43.01 mg-KOH/g, high deoxygenation, as well as high gasoline-range production of 97.89%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 134, p. 454-464
Keywords [en]
Catalytic, Lignocellulosic biomass, Bio-oil, Liquid, Aromatic
National Category
Chemical Process Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236020DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2018.07.012ISI: 000445306600049Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85050340032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-236020DiVA, id: diva2:1255539
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 43911-1
Note

QC 20181012

Available from: 2018-10-12 Created: 2018-10-12 Last updated: 2018-11-06Bibliographically approved

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Ratnasari, Devy KartikaYang, WeihongJönsson, Pär

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Materials Science and EngineeringEnergy and Furnace TechnologyApplied Thermodynamics and RefrigerationMaterials Processing
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