Pointing, Placing, Touching: Physical Manipulation and Coordination Techniques for Interactive Meeting Spaces
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
In the design and study of dedicated ubiquitous computing environments, efforts to enhance and support co-located collaborative activities and work have been a particular focus. In his vision of ubiquitous computing, Mark Weiser foresees a new era of computing, one that closes and follows on from the era of Personal Computing (Post Desktop). The vision involves simultaneous computations facilitated by a number of technical resources (services and artifacts) available in the environment. Ubiquitous Computing also draws on the perspective of embodied interaction: that our overall physical and social interaction, and the design of artifacts supporting interaction with people, places, and the environment, are two different perspectives sharing a common goal.
This thesis addresses three critical aspects of interactive meeting spaces: Multi-device selection, Multi-device setup, and Multi-device direct manipulation. To do so, physical interaction techniques have been designed that make more visible the critical and central co-located manipulation and coordination actions in interactive meeting spaces. The tree designed physical interaction techniques, that have been developed and investigated are: the iwand, a pointing technique; the Magic Bowl, a placing technique; and Physical Cursors, a touching technique.
In evaluation of the interaction techniques, addressed five problems that originated in observations during the development of interactive meeting spaces. How to: 1) identify and manipulate a physical object in order to select and control a particular service; 2) support the control of complementary combinations of services through physical manipulation; 3) capture, store and recall a preset group of services; 4) maintain and reuse presets, to preserve the prerequisite for a scene, under continually changing circumstances; and 5) design ways to manipulate physical widgets to enable a social protocol for coordination as an alternative to individual (invisible) manipulation?
A tentative design pattern language developed, along with “sharing control”, a further developed sample of a design pattern, which applies to physical manipulations in interactive meeting spaces. Additionally, principles are described for conducting long-term studies of living-laboratory observations and for revisiting central design decisions. The principles and design patterns are drawn from designed interaction techniques and from the design and deployment of interactive meeting spaces.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , ix, 182, xvi p.
Report series / DSV, ISSN 1101-8526 ; 2007:14
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4509ISBN: 978-91-7178-762-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4509DiVA: diva2:12610
2007-11-02, Sal C, KTH-Forum, DSV, Isafjordsgatan 39, Kista, 11:00
Streitz, Norberet, Dr.
Jansson, Carl Gustaf
QC 201008092007-10-162007-10-162012-03-21Bibliographically approved