Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Biodiesel production using a novel heterogeneous catalyst, magnesium zirconate (Mg2Zr5O12): Process optimization through response surface methodology (RSM)
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering. Renewable Energy and Biofuels Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi 221005, India.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4889-4210
2018 (English)In: Energy Conversion and Management, ISSN 0196-8904, E-ISSN 1879-2227, Vol. 174, p. 198-207Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A heterogeneous catalyst, magnesium zirconate (Mg2Zr5O12) was synthesized by co-precipitation and was used for biodiesel production via transesterification. Kusum oil was used as a feedstock. Catalyst characterization was accomplished by TGA, XRD, ATR FTIR, SEM, and EDX. The parameters viz. particle size, zeta potential, BET surface area and basicity of the catalyst were also determined. Characterization of catalyst supports the formation of single phase Mg2Zr5O12 and the catalyst was able to catalyse the transesterification reaction for economically viable biodiesel production. Various reaction parameters such as molar ratio (methanol: oil), catalyst concentration and reaction time were optimized in presence of Mg2Zr5O12 by using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) based on Box-Behnken design. The catalyst was reusable up to seven runs with ∼75% conversion in the seventh run. Maximum conversion of 97.98% FAME was obtained at 18:1 M ratio (methanol: oil), 2.5 wt% of catalyst at 65 °C temperature for 150 min. Physicochemical properties of FAME were also studied as per ASTM standard method. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2018. Vol. 174, p. 198-207
Keywords [en]
Heterogeneous catalyst, Kusum oil, Magnesium zirconate, Response surface methodology, Transesterification, ASTM standards, Biodiesel, Magnesium, Magnesium compounds, Methanol, Optimization, Particle size, Surface properties, Synthetic fuels, Zirconium compounds, Catalyst characterization, Characterization of catalysts, Physicochemical property, Transesterification reaction, Zirconates, Catalysts
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236629DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2018.08.029ISI: 000447102100017Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85051465124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-236629DiVA, id: diva2:1263094
Note

Export Date: 22 October 2018; Article; CODEN: ECMAD; Correspondence Address: Sharma, Y.C.; Renewable Energy and Biofuels Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU)India; email: ysharma.apc@itbhu.ac.in; Funding details: BHU, Banaras Hindu University; Funding details: IITB, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay; Funding text: The authors are thankful to Department of Science & Technology , Govt. of India, New Delhi for funding the IBSA project and gratefully acknowledge Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) for providing TA ship to Ms Veena Singh. QC 20181114

Available from: 2018-11-14 Created: 2018-11-14 Last updated: 2018-11-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Belova, Lyubov

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Singh, VeenaBelova, Lyubov
By organisation
Materials Science and Engineering
In the same journal
Energy Conversion and Management
Materials Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 48 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf