Kinetic modelling of autoignition phenomena
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
To fully understand the elementary reactions behind the ignition of automotive fuels the interaction between the fuel components must be known. The ignition initiation is most often caused by loss of an H radical from a reactive fuel molecule, for example n-heptane. The formed alkyl radical is prone to react with oxygen under lean conditions. However, it can also abstract hydrogen from other fuel molecules, hence activating more unreactive species. This type of reactions is called cooxidation reactions and including it in combustion mechanisms improve ignition delay predictions in a wide range of experiments, for Primary Reference Fuel mixtures and toluene/heptane mixtures. Example of such reactions are
C7H15• + C8H18 = C7H16+ C8H17•
C7H15OO• + C8H18 = C7H15OOH+ C8H17•
Adding cooxidation reactions also significantly improves prediction of the general trend of auto-ignition phasing as function of operating conditions in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition, HCCI, engine combustion.
The effect of NO addition on engine combustion has also been studied in this work. A novel strategy to control ignition onset in HCCI engines is to retain exhaust gases in the cylinder to control the cylinder temperature. While this not only controls the engine temperature it also introduces NOx in the cylinder. The NO will advance ignition onset by several crank angle degrees at concentrations below 10 ppm. This is because NO activates HO2 in the reaction: HO2• + NO = OH• + NO2. At higher concentrations the ignition onset is not as advanced and in the PRF case even retarded. This is because NO has cool flame-inhibiting effects.
Kinetic modelling can also be used to predict combustion efficiency in catalytic combustors for power generation. It was shown that at high pressures the number of free sites decreases which limits the combustion efficiency. Thus a hybrid concept could be used where only a fraction of the air and fuel is burned catalytically.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , 53 p.
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2007:65
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4516ISBN: 978-91-7178-778-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4516DiVA: diva2:12640
2007-11-15, 591, KTH, Teknikringen 42, Stockholm, 10:00
Henriksson, Ulf, Professor
Björnbom, PehrAndrae, Johan
QC 201011092007-11-062007-11-062010-11-09Bibliographically approved
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