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System dynamics within typical days of a high variable 2030 European power system
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy Systems Analysis.
2018 (English)In: Energy Strategy Reviews, ISSN 2211-467X, E-ISSN 2211-4688, Vol. 22, p. 94-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effect of variability in electricity generation on future high variable European power systems is a subject of extensive research within the current scientific literature. The common approach in these studies, regarding the assessment of the impact of the variability and related balancing assets, is by showing yearly aggregates (or longer) of results based on a variety of indicators. Although significant, these studies often lack in temporal details. This paper therefore focuses on the dynamics between load, generation, marginal cost and assets for balancing the generation variability, within a variety of typical days in a fully-integrated European power market. This is done by assessments of daily snapshots based on an hourly time resolution. The assessments underline the necessity of balancing assets, both during peaks as well as during lows in the output of variable generators. Interconnection capacity, electricity storage and demand response (DR) applications all contribute to renewables integration and to optimized utilization of cost-efficient generation capacity throughout the European power system. Important load flows from and towards load centers with high capacities of variable renewables are identified, as well as a significant role for transit countries with high interconnection capacities between these load centers. Despite the importance of electricity storage, it is shown that the traditional diurnal utilization of centralized electricity storage fleets becomes less viable with increasing penetration of variable renewables. A potential high CO2 price in the future European power market can become a determining factor in the system dynamics. Large price differentials in the merit order stimulate long distance flows as well as an increasing profitability for storage assets.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2018. Vol. 22, p. 94-105
Keywords [en]
Artelys Crystal Super Grid, European power system, Integrated energy market, Power system modelling, Variable renewables, Electric energy storage, Power markets, System theory, Energy markets, Power System, Renewables, Super grids, Commerce
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236609DOI: 10.1016/j.esr.2018.08.009ISI: 000454598100008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052136773OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-236609DiVA, id: diva2:1265713
Note

Export Date: 22 October 2018; Article; Correspondence Address: Brinkerink, M.; University College Cork (UCC), Environmental Research Institute (ERI), Centre for Marine and Renewable Energy (MaREI), 6 Lee Road, Ireland; email: maarten.brinkerink@ucc.ie; Funding details: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen; Funding details: CRSES, Centre of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies, Stellenbosch University; Funding details: UCC, University College Cork; Funding details: EC, European Commission; Funding details: PSI, Paul Scherrer Institut; Funding details: m612743; Funding text: The authors like to acknowledge the contribution of Artelys, of whom in particular Christopher Andrey and Hugo de Sevin for their support regarding the utilization of Artelys Crystal Super Grid and their feedback on the study. Furthermore, the authors appreciate the support and feedback of Paul Deane and Seán Collins from the Centre for Marine and Renewable Energy (MaREI), within the Environmental Research Institute (ERI) at University College Cork, René Benders and Gideon Laugs of the University of Groningen and Antriksh Singh from the Paul Scherrer Institute. This study is funded by the European Commission in light of the Insight-E Observatory ( www.insightenergy.org ), grand agreement no. m612743 . QC 20181126

Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-26 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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