Deployment Control of Spinning Space Webs and Membranes
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Future solar sail and solar power satellite missions require deployment of large and lightweight flexible structures in space. One option is to spin the assembly and use the centrifugal force for deployment, stiffening and stabilization. Some of the main advantages with spin deployment are that the significant forces are in the plane of rotation, a relatively simple control can be used and the tension in the membrane or web can be adjusted by the spin rate to meet the mission requirements. However, a successful deployment requires careful development of new control schemes. The deployment rate can be controlled by a torque, applied either to a satellite in the center or by thrusters in the corners, or by deployment rate control, obtained by tether, spool braking or folding properties.
Analytical models with only three degrees of freedom were here used to model the deployment of webs and membranes for various folding patterns and control schemes, with focus on space webs folded in star-like arms coiled around a center hub. The model was used to investigate control requirements and folding patterns and to obtain optimal control laws for centrifugal deployment. New control laws were derived from the optimal control results and previously presented control strategies. Analytical and finite element simulations indicate that the here developed control laws yield less oscillations, and most likely more robustness, than existing controls.
Rotation-free (RF) shell elements can be used to model inflation or centrifugal deployment of flexible memebrane structures by the finite element method. RF elements approximate the rotational degrees of freedom from the out-of-plane displacements of a patch of elements, and thus avoid common singularity problems for very thin shells. The performance of RF shell elements on unstructured grids is investigated in the last article of this thesis, and it is shown that a combination of existing RF elements performs well even for unstructured grids.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2008. , x, 64 p.
Trita-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2008:10
Flexible structures, space webs, membranes, solar sails, solar power systems, deployment control, optimal control, centrifugal force deployment, spin deployment, rotation-free, shell elements
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9574OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9574DiVA: diva2:126605
2008-12-08, F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Murphey, Thomas W., Dr.
Eriksson, Anders, ProfessorTibert, Gunnar, Doktor
QC 201007292008-11-212008-11-172010-07-29Bibliographically approved
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