Uttagsautomater: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 16 januari 2007
2008 (Swedish)Report (Other scientific)
The witness seminar “Uttagsautomater” [Automated Teller Machines (ATM)] was held at Tekniska museet [the National Museum of Science and Technology] in Stockholm on January 16, 2007 and was led by Rune Brandinger. At the seminar the birth and evolution of the Swedish ATM were discussed in detail. Among the first ATMs used was one machine built by the Swedish company Metior which was installed at Upsala Sparbank in 1967. What is said to be the first on-line ATM in the world was installed at Oxie Härads sparbank in Malmö in August 1968. In Sweden two major and competing systems were developed. The Swedish savings banks used the name Minuten, launched in 1977, and the commercial banks used the brand name Bankomat. Besides the savings banks working on a common platform all the major Swedish commercial banks cooperated in the development of ATMs in the consortia Bankomatcentralen, which was jointly owned by the commercial banks. The evolution of the Swedish debit and credit cards were also discussed. An early test of a Point-Of-Sales terminal was made in 1979, within the SVAN project that was run by the Swedish savings banks. Köpkort and later Eurocard were two early examples of Swedish debit and credit cards. In addition to Metior a number of Swedish companies were part of the early ATM development, including Bofors, ASEA, SAAB and later on Ericsson. In an international and European perspective Sweden was a very early adopter of the ATM technology. The seminar covered a number of different aspects on the use of ATMs including issues as security and accessibility.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 53 p.
Trita-HST, ISSN 1103-5277 ; 2008:31
datorer och databehandling, datorisering – effekter på samhället, historia – 1945-, historia – datorer, informationsteknik, teknikhistoria, vetenskapshistoria, vittnesseminarium
History of Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9679ISRN: KTH/HST/WP 2008/31-SEISBN: 978-91-7415-059-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9679DiVA: diva2:126961