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Mechanical characterisation of composites with 3D-woven reinforcement
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Lightweight Structures.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9207-3404
2015 (English)In: ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials, International Committee on Composite Materials , 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Flat specimens made of carbon/epoxy composite material are manufactured by resin transfer moulding, using 3D-woven carbon fibre preforms with a grid of warp yarns interlaced with both horizontal and vertical wefts. The aim of the study is to bring more light to the coupling between the mechanical properties of the composite material and the internal fibre architecture of its 3D-woven reinforcement. Factors that are varied in the fibre architecture are the amount of fibres in the through-thickness reinforcement (vertical weft) and the warp's wavelength. Tensile, compressive, in-plane and out-of-plane shear and peel tests are performed for the mechanical characterisation. Tensile and compressive properties are found to decrease when the crimp of the warp yarns is increased, and even more so in compression. The in-plane shear strength is evaluated through use of a new test specimen, designed for the purpose. Results show that the strength is higher when the shear load is applied across the warp than across the weft, where the difference is attributed to varying fibre content in the two in-plane directions. The out-of-plane shear properties are compared through short beam shear tests and the inter-laminar shear strength (ILSS) is determined. It is shown that the ILSS increases with increasing yarn thickness in the vertical weft, which is intuitive. The peel strength is evaluated by the opening mode I interlaminar fracture toughness (GIc) through double cantilever beam tests. It is shown that GIc is greatly dependent on the amount of reinforcement in the vertical weft. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Committee on Composite Materials , 2015.
Keywords [en]
3D textile, Constitutive properties, Experimental, Test method
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236900Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053141975OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-236900DiVA, id: diva2:1269921
Conference
20th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2015, 19 July 2015 through 24 July 2015
Funder
VINNOVA
Note

QC 20181211

 

Available from: 2018-12-11 Created: 2018-12-11 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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