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Resource Delegation and Rewards to Stimulate Forwarding in Multihip Cellular Networks
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Communication Systems, CoS (closed 2012-01-01). KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, Center for Wireless Systems, Wireless@kth.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Communication Systems, CoS (closed 2012-01-01). KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, Center for Wireless Systems, Wireless@kth.
2005 (English)In: VTC 2005-Spring: 2005 IEEE 61st Vehicular Technology Conference, Proceedings, IEEE , 2005, no 4, 2152-2156 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Multihop cellular networks that base the forwarding process on user terminals are challenged by a lack of forwarding incentive. In this paper 1, we present the novel concept of Resource Delegation which, applied in combination with pricing based rewards, guarantees both the separation of resources between originating transmitters and relays and the economic compensation of the energy investments of the relays. The results show that this strategy leads to the definition of a broad region of prices in which multihopping solutions can achieve the following advantages over classical single-hop architectures: operator's revenues and provided datarates increase significantly, the users' appreciation of the service is enhanced, and the average interference level of the network is lowered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2005. no 4, 2152-2156 p.
Series
IEEEVTS Vehicular Technology Conference. Proceedings, ISSN 1090-3038 ; Volume 61, Issue 4
Keyword [en]
Frequency hopping, Resource allocation, Telecommunication repeaters, Transmitters
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7633DOI: 10.1109/VETECS.2005.1543715ISI: 000232179303009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-26444596147ISBN: 0-7803-8887-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7633DiVA: diva2:12719
Conference
2005 IEEE 61st Vehicular Technology Conference -VTC 2005 - Spring Stockholm: Paving the Path for a Wireless Future; Stockholm; Sweden; 30 May 2005 through 1 June 2005
Note

QC 20100715

Available from: 2007-11-13 Created: 2007-11-13 Last updated: 2014-12-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Self-organization, cooperation and control distribution in wide and local area networks
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-organization, cooperation and control distribution in wide and local area networks
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

To support the future requirements on wireless systems in an affordable manner it is commonly believed that multiple radio access technologies have to be combined. These technologies can be deployed by a single operator or, even, be managed by different competing operators. In order to cope with the increased complexity of such a multifaced wireless environment it has been argued that a transfer of Radio Resource Management (RRM) functionalities towards the network edges (access ports and, ultimately, user terminals) may be beneficial. In addition to detecting varying system conditions in a faster manner this would also allow a more responsive service adaptation. In this thesis we evaluate a set of self-organizing regimes, all with the purpose of supporting the distribution of control at the edge node.

Particular emphasis is put on the design of a mechanism for dynamically establishing cooperation between different network entities whether these are access ports or user terminals.

Terminal cooperation by means of multihopping is considered in the context of service provision in cellular access systems. Previously the opportunity cost associated with sharing own bandwidth, and energy loss have been seen as a major obstacle for relaying other users’ traffic. To mitigate the effects of this selfish behavior the concept of resource delegation is introduced and evaluated in combination with a rewarding scheme designed for compensating the energy losses induced by forwarding. The results show that our proposed schemes not only are capable of fostering significant cooperation among users, but also to create a simultaneous improvement in user utility, data rates as well as in operator revenues.

Opening up networks of user-deployed Access Points (APs) for service provision is considered a means to radically lower the cost of future wireless services. However, since these networks are deployed in an uncoordinated manner, only discontinuous coverage will be provided. The question of how dense these networks need to be, to deliver acceptable user perception, is investigated in this thesis for a set of archetypical services. The results show that already at moderate AP densities the investigated services can be provided with sufficient quality. Epidemic exchange of popular content and inter-AP cooperation are also shown to further decrease the required infrastructure density and improve the APs’ utilization respectively.

As last contribution, “Word-of-Mouth”, a distributed reputation-based scheme, is investigated in the context of access selection in multi-operator environments. By exchanging information concerning the Quality of Service (QoS) associated with the different networks, terminal agents can collectively reveal the capabilities of individual networks. For a vertical handover scenario we show that our proposed scheme can reward access providers capable of ensuring some degrees of QoS. By introducing a model for collusion, between low performing APs and terminal agents, we show that our proposed scheme is also robust to the dissemination of false information.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2007. x, 98 p.
Series
Trita-ICT-COS, ISSN 1653-6347 ; 0702
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4533 (URN)
Presentation
2007-11-23, Sal N2, KTH-Electrum 3, Isafjordsgatan 28, Kista, Stockholm, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101112Available from: 2007-11-13 Created: 2007-11-13 Last updated: 2010-11-12Bibliographically approved
2. Context-based Resource Management and Architectures for Future Wide and Local Area Wireless Networks
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Context-based Resource Management and Architectures for Future Wide and Local Area Wireless Networks
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the last few years we have been witnessing the beginning of a revolution in the world of wireless communication. The recent launch of advanced smartphones in the mobile market has been welcomed by mobile operators as an opportunity to finally fulfill the promises of 3G and increase the uptake of mobile services. Driven by unprecedented user experience and flat rate pricing, the success of novel mobile platforms for accessing multimedia content and applications has gone far beyond the most optimistic of expectations. Data-hungry services are currently creating significant capacity limitations in many networks, and projections on future content consumption anticipate that with the next generation of mobile devices the stress on cellular infrastructures will increase. Rolling-out additional capacity is not the most profitable of solutions given the current cost structure of mobile infrastructures. Instead, a significant cost reduction can be achieved by revolutionizing the current content provision paradigm. Accordingly, this thesis proposes solutions for making future services and infrastructures more affordable. From an operator perspective, terminal-to-terminal information forwarding has the potential to increase both coverage and capacity, however it introduces opportunity costs and energy losses at the user side. Resource delegation, together with an energy reimbursement scheme, is presented in this thesis to induce user cooperation. The results show that this approach is successful in fostering significant cooperation among users and can create a simultaneous improvement in user utility, data rates and operator revenues. Opening up for public access privately deployed WLANs might radically lower the cost of wireless services. However, since these networks are deployed in an uncoordinated manner, only discontinuous coverage can be provided. To hide the sparsity of the infrastructure to the end-user perception we propose the adoption of opportunistic schemes for content pre-fetching. Results show that already with moderate AP densities a set of archetypical services, including web-browsing, can be provided with sufficient user perceived quality. Epidemic exchange of popular content, and inter-AP cooperation are also shown to further decrease the required AP density. Moreover, to support informed access selection decisions when performing vertical handovers to WLANs, we propose “Word-of-Mouth”, a reputation-based scheme for revealing the QoS of different networks. By epidemically exchanging grades on their experienced service quality, we show that terminal agents can collectively improve their decision making, avoiding selecting networks not meeting the required QoS. Context-based content delivery is presented in this thesis as means to improve the utilization of wireless resources in cellular systems. Since networks are typically dimensioned for peak hour traffic, the BSs are underutilized for significant portions of the day. By adopting context-based architectures, capable of opportunistically utilizing the instantaneous excess of resources for content pre-fetching, we show that a significant amount of additional traffic can be served in already existing networks. The gains introduced by this content provision paradigm over the current “on-demand” solutions are further expressed in terms of lower requirements on BS density, more users in the system and larger files served while reaching the same level of user experience.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2010. xi, 156 p.
Series
Trita-ICT-COS, ISSN 1653-6347
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-12216 (URN)
Public defence
2010-04-16, C1, Electrum 1, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Isafjordsgatan 26, Kista, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC20100716Available from: 2010-04-08 Created: 2010-03-26 Last updated: 2010-07-16Bibliographically approved
3. Demand responsive resource management for cellular networks: link asymmetry, pricing and multihopping
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demand responsive resource management for cellular networks: link asymmetry, pricing and multihopping
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Economic affordability of services and infrastructures has rapidly become one of the key issues in the evaluation and design of wireless access systems. The provisioning of high data rates, at an ``affordable'' price, constitutes a serious challenge to the structure and management of current and future wireless networks.

The management of radio resources, Radio Resource Management or RRM for short, has traditionally been benchmarked mostly by technical merits such as throughput (data delivery capability) and Quality of Service (QoS). When comparing different RRM schemes, the scheme that can deliver more bits per Hertz (unit of bandwidth) or per Euro is often assumed the more efficient. From an economic point of view, however, cost efficiency is not equivalent to profitability.

We conjecture that the economic efficiency and profitability can be improved both by better technical efficiency and by better accounting for users' service appreciation and willingness to pay. While we shall, primarily treat the operator's benefit of improved RRM, we will try to improve the RRM by means of being more responsive to the demands of the users. In eight conference and journal papers, we investigate: Provisioning of support for asymmetric traffic, Quality and pricing aware resource management and Creation of forwarding incentive in multihop cellular networks.

We show that implementing support for asymmetric links can improve the efficiency of (service) production in Time Division Duplexing (TDD) mode wireless networks with asymmetric traffic. That is, more traffic can be handled with the same system resources. Compared to Frequency Division Duplexing (FDD), TDD offers more flexible use of spectrum resources. The benefits of TDD and support for asymmetric links are readily available for systems providing high-rate spotty coverage. For systems aiming at full coverage and tight reuse, however, proper measures must be taken to control inter-mobile- and inter-base-station-interference.

We present the MEDUSA model framework for taking users' service appreciation and willingness to pay into account in performance evaluations of wireless networks with elastic traffic. Assuming that user satisfaction depends on both the quality and the price of the service, numerical experiments show that the economic efficiency of an RRM scheme is affected by the pricing scheme. We also introduce the concepts of speculative resource management to exploit traffic elasticity and improve resource utilisation. With speculative admission control, users with good propagation conditions may be admitted to a full system at the expense of a slight degradation of the QoS of some or all users, if the expected total revenue would thereby increase. Results indicate significant revenue gain with speculative admission control. Service perception aware scheduling was evaluated as a means to improve resource utilisation, but yielded only marginal gain compared to a weighted proportional fair scheduler.

For the third area studied in this Thesis, i.e. multihopping in cellular networks, economic efficiency was both the goal and one of the means to achieve it. By means of a resource re-distribution scheme called Resource Delegation we eliminated the bandwidth bottle neck of the relays. We combined Resource Delegation with economic compensation for the energy expenditures of the relays and were able to achieve significantly increased operator revenue with maintained or improved user utility. Assuming that the added complexity of keeping track of reward transactions is negligible, profitability was correspondingly improved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2005. viii, 90 p.
Series
Trita-S3-RST, ISSN 1400-9137 ; 0509
Keyword
Electrical engineering, Elektroteknik, elektronik och fotonik
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180 (URN)
Public defence
2005-04-29, Sal C1, Electrum, Isafjordsgatan 22, Kista, 14:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101021Available from: 2005-04-27 Created: 2005-04-27 Last updated: 2010-10-21Bibliographically approved

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