Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Mobility Management and Climate Change Policies
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Globally, the transport system faces a paradigmatic shift where, in addition to increased local traffic problems, climate change and depletion of fossil oil reserves will foster a successive transition to renewable fuels and a need for more resource-efficient mobility management and communication alternatives. Foresighted countries, cities or companies taking the lead in adapting to these tougher conditions might well not only solve those problems, but also turn the problems into business advantages. This thesis is based on six studies that attempt to develop future strategies based on rigorous principled emission and energy efficiency targets and to modulate the impact of travel policies, technical components and behaviours in economically advantageous ways. The modelling frameworks developed throughout the thesis build on a target-orientated approach called backcasting, where the following general components are applied: (1) target description at a conceptual level i.e. the potential for sustainable energy systems, emissions, costs, behavioural patterns, preferences, etc.; (2) mapping of the current situation in relation to target description; and (3) modelling of alternative sets of policies, technologies, behaviours and economic prerequisites to arrive at target achievement. Sustainable travel strategies are analysed from two main viewpoints. The first four studies focus on company travel planning, where behavioural modelling proved to be an important tool for deriving targetorientated travel policies consistent with employee preferences. The latter two studies focus on strategies and preconditions to meet future emission targets and energy efficiency requirements at a macroscopic regional level by 2030. Backcasting’s role as a generic methodology for effective strategic planning is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , 37 p.
Series
Trita-SOM , ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2007:05
Keyword [en]
Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD), Backcasting, Greenhouse gas emissions, Traffic planning, Company travel planning, Mobility Management
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4539ISBN: 978-91-7178-780-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4539DiVA: diva2:12746
Public defence
2007-12-07, Sal Vi, KTH, Teknikringen 76, Stockholm, 09:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100816Available from: 2007-11-16 Created: 2007-11-16 Last updated: 2010-09-10Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Backcasting and econometrics for sustainable planning: information technology and individual preferences of travel
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Backcasting and econometrics for sustainable planning: information technology and individual preferences of travel
2005 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, Vol. 13, no 8, 841-851 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper develops a framework, building on backcasting from sustainable outcomes, or more sustainable outcomes, in combination with econometric modelling to arrive at the outcomes. To reach long-term successful objectives by introducing new transport alternatives or services, econometric modelling is suggested as a suitable tool for investigating the presumptive behaviour of key-players. In the need for deriving individual preferences, behavioural modelling can be applied as an essential "pathfinder" in the backcasting framework. The framework is discussed in relation to an office district outside Stockholm, where IT-companies provide efficient transport alternatives for their employees. The long-term vision among the leaders of the companies is to achieve an improved environmental profile, in parallel with reduced travel costs and improved working conditions for the employees, by offering alternatives to private car, taxi and long-distance travel.

Keyword
Backcasting; Behavioural modelling; Econometrics; Forecasting; IT; Sustainability; Transportation; Costs; Environmental impact; Forecasting; Information technology; Personnel; Planning; Transportation; Sustainable development
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7648 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2003.12.028 (DOI)000227967700009 ()2-s2.0-11044234585 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20100816Available from: 2007-11-16 Created: 2007-11-16 Last updated: 2010-09-10Bibliographically approved
2. Incentives and policies toward car-sharing and ride-matching
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Incentives and policies toward car-sharing and ride-matching
(English)In: Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, ISSN 1464-3332Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7649 (URN)
Note
QC 20100816Available from: 2007-11-16 Created: 2007-11-16 Last updated: 2010-09-10Bibliographically approved
3. Company incentives and tools for promoting telecommuting
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Company incentives and tools for promoting telecommuting
2006 (English)In: Environment and Behavior, ISSN 0013-9165, E-ISSN 1552-390X, Vol. 38, no 4, 521-549 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to identify company and employee benefits from telecommuting. Telecommuting implies that a large proportion of the company's office space is unoccupied. To use this efficiently, flexible offices could be introduced in which the employees do not have their own office but use any desk in an open office space. In addition, if telecommuting implies reductions in office space in which employees donate the use of their homes - rent free - to the employer, it is quite fair for the employer to consider returning some of that savings to the telecommuters in compensation for the use of their homes. The results indicate that employees are in fact sensitive to the monetary compensation and that company benefits could be obtained.

Keyword
Company benefits, Flexible office, Individual preferences, Mixed logit, Rental savings, Telecommuting, Work efficiencies
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9969 (URN)10.1177/0013916505283422 (DOI)000238357300005 ()2-s2.0-33744480284 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20100816

Available from: 2009-02-16 Created: 2009-02-16 Last updated: 2015-04-21Bibliographically approved
4. A Model for Climate Target-Oriented Planning and Monitoring of Corporate Travel
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Model for Climate Target-Oriented Planning and Monitoring of Corporate Travel
2009 (English)In: International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, ISSN 1556-8318, Vol. 3, no 1, 1-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objectives of this study are to (a) demonstrate the importance and motivation for large private companies taking action against climate change and (b) develop a backcasting-oriented framework for comprehensive and manageable corporate travel policies. The backcasting framework consists of four parts: (1) target description at a conceptual level; (2) mapping of the current status of the company regarding staff travel patterns and preferences, individual and collective emissions, and costs against the targets described; (3) a policy-oriented transformation of the backcasting target; and (4) alternative sets of company policies and strategies that would allow targets to be achieved. A detailed cost-benefit analysis is supplemented by statistical and econometric models that test employee acceptance of the different policy alternatives.

Keyword
Backcasting; Climate change; Emission target; Mobility management; Policy assessment; Sustainable travel
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7651 (URN)10.1080/15568310701517752 (DOI)000264847600001 ()2-s2.0-70449633303 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20100816. Tidigare titel: A model for climate target-oriented planning and monitoring of organisations’ travel and climate change policies. Titel ändrad 20100816. Publikationsdatum ändrat 20100816 från 2007, vol. 1:4 till 2009 vol. 3:1.Available from: 2007-11-16 Created: 2007-11-16 Last updated: 2010-09-10Bibliographically approved
5. Assessment of transport policies toward future emission targets: A backcasting approach for Stockholm 2030
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessment of transport policies toward future emission targets: A backcasting approach for Stockholm 2030
2006 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, ISSN 1464-3332, Vol. 8, no 4, 451-478 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stockholm has set a target for greenhouse gas emissions in the year 2030, based on the United Nation's (IPCC) recommendations for an acceptable CO2 level in the atmosphere. In this study we use a backcasting framework to analyze a range of specific transport policies and fuel technology related developments with respect to the emission target. Our study employs a transport modelling system, traditionally used for forecasts, to quantify the impacts of various travel demand measures (TDM). Our study shows that the change in travel demand, induced by various travel policies, will not suffice on its own to reach the target. Even if fuel price is tripled, a substantial share of renewable fuels is required for target achievement. While our study shows that travel demand measures have a fairly small effect on CO2 emissions, it also hints at other compelling reasons for introducing such measures. Constructive strategies for the transport system would not only contribute to reduce risks with climate change. Even small reductions of transport volumes might imply large socio economic savings in traffic related costs, reduced emissions of substances with health impacts, fewer accidents, shorter travel times and higher travel time reliability. These aspects are arguably all part of a sustainable transport development.

Keyword
Mobility management; travel demand management; CO2 emission target; policy appraisal; backcasting
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9968 (URN)10.1142/S1464333206002578 (DOI)2-s2.0-33846035238 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20100816Available from: 2009-02-16 Created: 2009-02-16 Last updated: 2010-09-10Bibliographically approved
6. Biofuels in the energy transition beyond peak oil: A macroscopic study of energy demand in the Stockholm transport system 2030
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biofuels in the energy transition beyond peak oil: A macroscopic study of energy demand in the Stockholm transport system 2030
2007 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, Vol. 32, no 11, 2089-2098 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this study is to examine the potential for a full transition to domestically produced biofuels in the Stockholm County transport system in 2030, without exceeding the proportional share of national bioenergy assets. This target is chosen in order to test the potential of biofuel assets in Sweden, facilitating the transition to renewable fuel systems, and to display the potential of transport energy demand at macrolevel under tighter conditions on the energy market after fossil oil production has peaked. The distribution of bioenergy to the transport sector, including conversion losses and relationships to other energy sectors, is analysed explicitly. State-of-the-art traffic forecasting models, complemented with a specially designed energy quantification model, are applied to assess energy quantities needed at different vehicle efficiency levels and mobility patterns. The purpose is not to determine the most energy-efficient transport system possible, or to forecast the optimal distribution of bioenergy set aside for the transport sector in the future. Rather, we try to visualise, at a more conceptual level, energy demand as dependent on principle transport strategies, future technological developments and a type of planning that takes technological interlinkages between evolving components into strategic account. This work highlights the importance of implementing both demand and supply-side policies in order to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in all energy sectors before making assessments of reasonable distributions of bioenergy between energy sectors and other biomass usage.

Keyword
Backcasting; Energy efficiency; Renewable energy; Strategic planning; Sustainable transport; Transport policy; Biofuels; Energy efficiency; Gas emissions; Strategic planning; Backcasting; Bioenergy set; Energy demand; Full transition; Renewable energy resources; Biofuels; Energy efficiency; Gas emissions; Renewable energy resources; Strategic planning; alternative fuel; biofuel; demand analysis; demand-side management; emission; emission control; energy efficiency; energy market; energy planning; energy resource; fossil fuel; greenhouse gas; renewable resource; transport vehicle
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7653 (URN)10.1016/j.energy.2007.05.006 (DOI)000250370500007 ()2-s2.0-34548511843 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20100816Available from: 2007-11-16 Created: 2007-11-16 Last updated: 2010-09-10Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(592 kB)1319 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 592 kBChecksum MD5
2d91032bcd7c2aaf312b0adb25947edcfff7cfb151e4fc677859887ae84a3c3b58f5971b
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Robèrt, Markus
By organisation
Urban Planning and Environment
Civil Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1319 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1285 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf