Rotation in a reversed field pinch with active feedback stabilization of resistive wall modes
2006 (English)In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 48, no 9, 1311-1331 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Active feedback stabilization of multiple resistive wall modes (RWMs) has been successfully proven in the EXTRAP T2R reversed field pinch. One of the features of plasma discharges operated with active feedback stabilization, in addition to the prolongation of the plasma discharge, is the sustainment of the plasma rotation. Sustained rotation is observed both for the internally resonant tearing modes (TMs) and the intrinsic impurity oxygen ions. Good quantitative agreement between the toroidal rotation velocities of both is found: the toroidal rotation is characterized by an acceleration phase followed, after one wall time, by a deceleration phase that is slower than in standard discharges. The TMs and the impurity ions rotate in the same poloidal direction with also similar velocities. Poloidal and toroidal velocities have comparable amplitudes and a simple model of their radial profile reproduces the main features of the helical angular phase velocity. RWMs feedback does not qualitatively change the TMs behaviour and typical phenomena such as the dynamo and the `slinky' are still observed. The improved sustainment of the plasma and TMs rotation occurs also when feedback only acts on internally non- resonant RWMs. This may be due to an indirect positive effect, through non- linear coupling between TMs and RWMs, of feedback on the TMs or to a reduced plasma- wall interaction affecting the plasma flow rotation. Electromagnetic torque calculations show that with active feedback stabilization the TMs amplitude remains well below the locking threshold condition for a thick shell. Finally, it is suggested that active feedback stabilization of RWMs and current profile control techniques can be employed simultaneously thus improving both the plasma duration and its confinement properties.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 48, no 9, 1311-1331 p.
Plasma discharges; Plasma rotation; Resistive wall modes; Electric currents; Electromagnetism; Torque measurement; Velocity measurement; Plasma flow
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7657DOI: 10.1088/0741-3335/48/9/004ISI: 000240120200006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33749510126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7657DiVA: diva2:12752
QC 201008102007-11-202007-11-202010-08-10Bibliographically approved