Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Post-derailment dynamic simulation of rail vehicles: Methodology and applications
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Rail Vehicles. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, The KTH Railway Group.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Rail Vehicles.
2008 (English)In: Vehicle System Dynamics, ISSN 0042-3114, Vol. 46, no Suppl. S, 289-300 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An earlier developed multi-body system post-derailment module. that predicts the wheelsets' behaviour after impact with concrete sleepers, is upgraded to account for possible wheel-rail fastener impact after train derailments at high speed. The vertical stiffness describing the wheel-fastener impact behaviour is calibrated and validated based on two authentic derailment cases. Geometrical specifications that permit it brake disc and a bogie frame to act as substitute guidance mechanisms after Hart e climbing derailments on Curved track are presented for an X 2000 trailer car. Further, an introductory analysis on the post-derailment vehicle behaviour on tangent track after a 'flange on rail head' derailment condition is also presented its a function of bogie yaw resistance. The risk of carbody overturning after derailments on tangent track is assessed as a function of coupler height and carbody centre of gravity as well as bogie transversal beam position.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 46, no Suppl. S, 289-300 p.
Keyword [en]
train, derailment, overturning, MBS simulation, wheel-sleeper impact, centre of gravity
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
Järnvägsgruppen - Fordonsteknik
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7694DOI: 10.1080/00423110801939162ISI: 000263476500023ScopusID: 2-s2.0-51449101246OAI: diva2:12796
QC 20100701 Uppdaterad från submitted till published (20110323). 20th Symposium of the International-Association-for-Vehicle-System-Dynamics, Berkeley, CA, AUG 13-17, 2007Available from: 2007-11-22 Created: 2007-11-22 Last updated: 2011-05-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On Derailment-Worthiness in Rail Vehicle Design: Analysis of vehicle features influencing derailment processes and consequences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Derailment-Worthiness in Rail Vehicle Design: Analysis of vehicle features influencing derailment processes and consequences
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

This thesis aims at systematically studying the possibilities of minimizing devastating consequences of high-speed rail vehicle derailments by appropriate measures and features in the train design including the running gear.

Firstly, an empirical database is established containing as much relevant information as possible of past incidents and accidents that have occurred at substantial running speeds due to mechanical failure close to the interface between the running gear and the track. Other causes that ultimately brought the train in a derailed condition are also covered. Although various accidental circumstances make each derailment a unique event, certain patterns appear to emerge which lead to several critical vehicle parameters capable of influencing the outcome of a derailment or preventing a derailment to occur.

Secondly, the possibility of preventing wheel climbing derailments after an axle journal failure is studied by implementing mechanical restrictions between wheelsets and bogie frame. In this respect, a multi body system (MBS) computer model is developed to account for such an axle failure condition, which is successfully validated on the basis of two authentic passenger car events.

In order to study the overall post-derailment vehicle behaviour, in particular the wheelsets’ vertical motion and lateral deviation on sleepers, a comprehensive MBS post-derailment module is developed and implemented in the commercially available software GENSYS. The model detects wheel-sleeper impact conditions and applies valid force resultants calculated through linear interpolation based on a pre-defined look-up table. The table was constructed through exhaustive finite element (FE) wheel to concrete sleeper impact simulations utilising the commercially available software LS-DYNA. The MBS post-derailment module has been validated successfully in several stages, including a correct prediction of the derailing wheelset’s trajectory over ten consecutive sleepers in comparison with an authentic passenger vehicle derailment event.

An extensive simulation analysis on the feasibility of utilizing alternative substitute guidance mechanisms attached to the running gear on rail vehicles is presented, as means of minimizing the lateral deviation. Three low-reaching guidance mechanisms attached onto the running gear (bogie frame, brake disc and axle journal box) are analysed in terms of geometrical parameters for a successful engagement with the rail in order to prevent large lateral deviations after twelve different derailment scenarios.

Three conventional coupled passenger trailing cars are investigated in terms of lateral deviation and vehicle overturning tendency after derailments on tangent and curved track. This is performed as a function of various vehicle design features and parameters such as: maximum centre coupler yaw angle, carbody height of centre of gravity, coupler height and additional running gear features. In a similar manner, the articulated train concept is investigated in terms of the post-derailment vehicle behaviour as a function of different inter-carbody damper characteristics and running gear features.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Farkost och flyg, 2007. xii, 50 p.
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2007:78
derailment, bogie design, wheel-sleeper impact, simulation, deviation, vehicle inter-connection, guidance mechanism, substitute guidance, articulated train, railway safety
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4548 (URN)978-91-7178-828-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-12-18, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00
QC 20100701Available from: 2007-11-22 Created: 2007-11-22 Last updated: 2010-07-01Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Brabie, DanAndersson, Evert
By organisation
Rail VehiclesThe KTH Railway Group
In the same journal
Vehicle System Dynamics
Vehicle Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 379 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link