Kinetic study of Hexenuronic and Methylglucuronic acid reactions in pulp and in dissolved xylan during kraft pulping of hardwood
2006 (English)In: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, E-ISSN 1520-5045, Vol. 45, no 7, 2174-2178 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
During kraft pulping, the side group in the xylan backbone, 4-O-methyl-D-glucuronic acid, is partly converted to hexenuronic acid. Simultaneously, degradation reactions of these side groups take place. The rates of these reactions were studied during the kraft pulping of hardwood and were shown to be strongly affected by the location of the x Ian; dissolved xylan had markedly higher methylglucuronic acid and hexenuronic acid contents than pulp xylan did. The degree of substitution of methyl-lucuronic acid in dissolved xylan was found to be higher at reduced cooking temperatures; no such change was seen for pulp xylan. A kinetic model was developed that included the energies of activation for formation (129 U/mol) and degradation (143 U/mol) of hexenuronic acid and dearadation (141 kJ/mol) of methylglucuronic acid and bulk delignification (118 kJ/mol, in accordance with earlier studies). Decreased cooking temperatures thus increase the number of acidic charged groups in the pulp and in dissolved xylan.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 45, no 7, 2174-2178 p.
Degradation; Dissolution; Mathematical models; Organic acids; Pulp; Reaction kinetics; Substitution reactions
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7713DOI: 10.1021/ie051386vISI: 000236715600002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33646430308OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7713DiVA: diva2:12819
QC 201007022007-11-232007-11-232010-07-02Bibliographically approved