Strength of Sandwich Panels Loaded in In-plane Compression
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
The use of composite materials in vehicle structures could reduce the weight and thereby the fuel consumption of vehicles.
As the road safety of the vehicles must be ensured, it is vital that the energy absorbing capability of the composite materials are similar to or better than the commonly used steel structures. The high specific bending stiffness of sandwich structures can with advantage be used in vehicles, provided that the structural behaviour during a crash situation is well understood and possible to predict. The purpose of this thesis is to identify and if possible to describe the failure initiation and progression in in-plane compression loaded sandwich panels.
An experimental study on in-plane compression loaded sandwich panels with two different material concepts was conducted. Digital speckle photography (DSP) was used to record the displacement field of one outer face-sheet surface during compression. The sandwich panels with glass fibre preimpregnated face-sheets and a polymer foam core failed due to disintegration of the face-sheets from the core, whereas the sandwich panels with sheet molding compound face-sheets and a balsa core failed in progressive end-crushing. A simple semi-empirical model was developed to describe the structural response before and after initial failure.
The postfailure behaviour of in-plane compression loaded sandwich panels was studied by considering the structural behaviour of sandwich panels with edge debonds. A parametrical finite element model was used to determine the influence of different material and geometrical properties on the buckling and postbuckling failure loads. The postbuckling failure modes studied were debond crack propagation and face-sheet failure. It could be concluded that the postbuckling failure modes were mainly determined by the ratio between the fracture toughness of the face-core interface and the bending stiffness of the face-sheets.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , xi, 16 p.
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2007:73
sandwich, in-plane compression, energy absorption, debond, postbuckling
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4558ISBN: 978-91-7178-814-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4558DiVA: diva2:12847
2007-12-14, D31, Lindstedtsvägen 17, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, 10:15
Larsson, Per-Lennart, Professor
Zenkert, DanHallström, Stefan
QC 201011112007-11-252007-11-252010-11-11Bibliographically approved
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