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Investigating swirl and tumble using two prototype inlet port designs by means of multi-planar PIV
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics.
Tohoku Univ, Grad Sch Engn, Aoba Ku, 6-6-01 Aramaki Aoba, Sendai, Miyagi 9808579, Japan..
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1146-3241
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, ISSN 0142-727X, E-ISSN 1879-2278, Vol. 75, p. 61-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Flow structures created during the intake stroke of an engine were investigated by means of multi-planar particle image velocimetry (PIV). A unique water-analogue engine model has been developed, where all essential parts and parameters, such as the cylinder head, valve timing, piston geometry and motion, etc. can easily be modified. Two cylinder heads with geometrically different inlet ports were investigated and experiments were performed with both moving and fixed valves. Three-dimensional visualisations of the flow field, mode decomposition through proper orthogonal decomposition, circulation as well as classical statistics were obtained and evaluated in order to gain an understanding of the flow structures, i.e. tumble and swirl, created by the two cylinder heads. It was clearly shown that one of the cylinder heads created a strong swirling motion in the cylinder. Three different fixed valve positions were investigated and the fully opened valve gave the strongest large-scale structures, whereas with smaller openings a larger amount of the kinetic energy was converted into small-scale turbulence. Results showed a more organised and stable flow field consisting of a well-defined swirl motion occupying the whole cylinder at the end of the intake stroke when the valves were fixed at the highest position. The moving valve case gave results similar to the fully open case but with slightly higher turbulence. Cycle-to-cycle variations were found to be less pronounced for these two cases as compared to the smaller fixed valve lifts. The second cylinder head showed a flow field that was more turbulent and much less coherent. Statistical analysis showed that this had a direct effect on cyclic variations in the flow where this head showed more profound variations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC , 2019. Vol. 75, p. 61-76
Keywords [en]
Tumble, Swirl, Stereoscopic particle image velocimetry, Proper orthogonal decomposition, 3D3C reconstruction
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-245149DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2018.11.009ISI: 000458467700005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85057489938OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-245149DiVA, id: diva2:1295971
Note

QC 20190313

Available from: 2019-03-13 Created: 2019-03-13 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved

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Alfredsson, P. Henrik

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