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Simulating the hygroexpansion of paper using a 3D beam network model and concurrent multiscale approach
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Solid Mechanics (Dept.), Solid Mechanics (Div.).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5112-1289
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Solid Mechanics (Dept.).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3611-2250
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Solids and Structures, ISSN 0020-7683, E-ISSN 1879-2146, Vol. 161, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A number of problems associated with dimensional stability of paper products have to do with hygroexpansion in response to changes in humidity or moisture content. The main underlying mechanism of hygroexpansion in paper is the effect of the change of fiber cross-sections transferred through fiber bonds. In fact, the transverse expansion of fibers can be an order of magnitude greater than the longitudinal expansion. Addressing such problems using modeling on the microscale is associated with large computational costs since both the bonds and the fibers need to be resolved. We present a method for modeling the hygro or thermal expansion of interconnected fiber networks modeled with beam elements and connected through beam-to-beam contact. Being a line structure, beams can only support point wise contact, which poses a challenge for modeling the force transfer induced by the deformation of the cross-sections at the contact point. The idea of implementing the stress transfer is to use a concurrent multiscale approach in which the bond level is resolved in detail using the configuration of the fibers and the computed strains are passed over to the beam elements. We verify and prove the applicability of this approach by comparing it with continuum models. We demonstrate the advantage of using this approach in terms of its tremendous saving in time. The use of beam models for modeling the hygro- or thermal expansion of fiber networks enables considering relevant sizes in the problems involving dimensional stability, in particular those associated with embedded inhomogeneities. We will show the applicability of the model by providing insights into published experimental observations on the hygroexpansion properties of paper products. Finally, we will demonstrate that the use of a 2D model to simulate the inter-fiber bonds in a network, not only leads to underestimation of out-of-plane deformations, but also to overestimation of the contribution of the transverse deformation of fibers to the in-plane dimensional change of the network.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2019. Vol. 161, p. 23-41
Keywords [en]
Fiber network, Hygroexpansion, Shrinkage, Drying, Moisture, Paper, Multiscale, Simulation
National Category
Applied Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-245122DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2018.11.006ISI: 000458590500003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85057017030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-245122DiVA, id: diva2:1296553
Note

QC 20190315

Available from: 2019-03-15 Created: 2019-03-15 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved

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Motamedian, Hamid RezaKulachenko, Artem

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