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Energy dependence in historical perspective: The geopolitics of smaller nations
Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9687-1940
Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7285-7455
2019 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 127, p. 438-444Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies of energy and geopolitics have been almost totally monopolized by analyses of the largest and most powerful countries in the world. This article argues that it is crucial to include the world's smaller and less powerful nations, too, into the analysis. Adopting a systems perspective, the article discusses Europe's smaller nations that have come to depend on other countries for various activities relating to their fuel supplies, and how they have sought to cope with these dependencies over time. It discusses, in particular, two overarching strategies in this context: first, investments in domestic energy sources, and secondly, efforts to cope with – rather than to reduce – energy imports. Smaller nations have often been more dependent and more vulnerable than the larger countries in the geopolitical energy arena. However, there are numerous exceptions to this pattern, especially in terms of the critical hub positions that a range of smaller nations have managed to secure in the international energy trade. Furthermore, Europe's smaller countries have had a more narrow range of methods at their disposal than the larger countries when it comes to coping with energy dependence – but perhaps not as narrow as commonly believed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 127, p. 438-444
Keywords [en]
Energy dependence, Energy systems, Geopolitics, Smaller nations, Vulnerability
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246468DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.12.025ISI: 000463688200042Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85059353021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-246468DiVA, id: diva2:1297238
Note

QC 20190319

Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved

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Högselius, PerKaijser, Arne

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