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Laboratory evolution and physiological analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains dependent on sucrose uptake via the Phaseolus vulgaris Suf1 transporter
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2018 (English)In: Yeast, Vol. 35, no 12, p. 639-652Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Knowledge on the genetic factors important for the efficient expression of plant transporters in yeast is still very limited. Phaseolus vulgaris sucrose facilitator 1 (PvSuf1), a presumable uniporter, was an essential component in a previously published strategy aimed at increasing ATP yield in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, attempts to construct yeast strains in which sucrose metabolism was dependent on PvSUF1 led to slow sucrose uptake. Here, PvSUF1-dependent S. cerevisiae strains were evolved for faster growth. Of five independently evolved strains, two showed an approximately twofold higher anaerobic growth rate on sucrose than the parental strain (mu = 0.19 h(-1) and mu = 0.08 h(-1), respectively). All five mutants displayed sucrose-induced proton uptake (13-50 mu mol H+ (g biomass)(-1) min(-1)). Their ATP yield from sucrose dissimilation, as estimated from biomass yields in anaerobic chemostat cultures, was the same as that of a congenic strain expressing the native sucrose symporter Mal11p. Four out of six observed amino acid substitutions encoded by evolved PvSUF1 alleles removed or introduced a cysteine residue and may be involved in transporter folding and/or oligomerization. Expression of one of the evolved PvSUF1 alleles (PvSUF1(I209F C265F G326C)) in an unevolved strain enabled it to grow on sucrose at the same rate (0.19 h(-1)) as the corresponding evolved strain. This study shows how laboratory evolution may improve sucrose uptake in yeast via heterologous plant transporters, highlights the importance of cysteine residues for their efficient expression, and warrants reinvestigation of PvSuf1's transport mechanism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 35, no 12, p. 639-652
Keywords [en]
laboratory evolution; plant sucrose facilitator; plant transporter expression; sucrose uptake; yeast physiology
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249353DOI: 10.1002/yea.3357ISI: 000451816300002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85054919643OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-249353DiVA, id: diva2:1304208
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QC 20190521

Available from: 2019-04-11 Created: 2019-04-11 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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