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X-ray microanalysis of apical fluid in cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cell lines.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Structural Biotechnology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7739-4405
2006 (English)In: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, ISSN 1015-8987, E-ISSN 1421-9778, Vol. 17, no 1-2, p. 13-20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ionic composition of the fluid lining the airways (airway surface liquid, ASL) in healthy subjects and patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) has been a matter of controversy. It has been attempted to resolve conflicting theories by using cell cultures, but published results show a wide variety of values for the ionic concentrations in the apical fluid in these cultures. To investigate CFTR-mediated HCO(3)(-) conductance and the role of HCO(3)(-) in regulating ASL pH we determined the pH of the fluid covering the apical surface of airway epithelial cells. A normal (16HBE14o (-)) and a CF (CFBE41o (-)) bronchial epithelial cell line were grown on membrane inserts in both a liquid-liquid interface culture system for 7 days, and in an air-liquid interface culture system for one month. The elemental composition of the fluid covering the apical surface was determined by X-ray microanalysis of frozen-hydrated specimens, or by X-ray microanalysis of Sephadex beads that had been equilibrated with the apical fluid. Analysis showed that the apical fluid had a Na(+) and Cl(-) concentration of about 80-100 mM and thus was slightly hypotonic. The ionic concentrations were somewhat higher in air-liquid interface than in liquid-liquid interface cultures. The apical fluid in CF cells had significantly higher concentrations of Na and Cl than that in control cultures. In control cultures, the concentrations of Na and Cl in the apical fluid increased if glibenclamide, an inhibitor of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) was added to the apical medium. Exposing the cells to the metabolic inhibitor NaCN also resulted in a significant increase of the Na and Cl concentrations in the apical fluid. The results agree with the notion that these cell cultures are mainly absorptive cells, and that ion absorption by the CF cells is reduced compared to that in normal cells. The pH measurements of the fluid covering the apical part of cell cultures support the notion that bicarbonate ions may be transported by CFTR, and that this can be inhibited by specific CFTR inhibitors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 17, no 1-2, p. 13-20
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Natural Sciences Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249487DOI: 10.1159/000091455PubMedID: 16543717OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-249487DiVA, id: diva2:1304479
Note

QC 20190412

Available from: 2019-04-12 Created: 2019-04-12 Last updated: 2019-04-12Bibliographically approved

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