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Sustainable Urbanism Solutions for Breaking the Bonds of Concentrated Poverty in Public Housing
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. (Urban Form and Human Behaviour)
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2386-0663
2016 (English)In: Urban Design Tsingua University Press, ISSN 2096-1235, Vol. 2, no 004, p. 40-63Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Historically, a large number of public housing estates in the United States and Europe have had concentrated poverty and isolated residents, either socially, economically, ethnically or all of the above. This paper investigates the demolition of public housing in the US through HOPE VI grants, and the rebuilding of mixed-use neighborhoods. Based on site visits, visual documentation, interviews, and analysis of documents and other reports, as well as scientific articles, this paper uses a qualitative mixed-methods approach to the analysis. It examines project sites in three US cities to see if the Sustainable Urbanist paradigm offers an alternative to the failed suburban-alienated type of living in major European cities. Applying Sustainable Urbanism concepts to European housing areas could be a way forward, where the papers expressing some ideas towards the complex issue of analyzing and coming up with solutions for re-urban renewal of isolated and distressed European cities housing areas. The paper then proposes a meaningful set of strategies based on the Futurescape method. The paper concludes with a concentrated and constructive critique of HOPE VI efforts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
China: Tsinghua University Press, 2016. Vol. 2, no 004, p. 40-63
Keywords [en]
Sustainable Urbanism, Revitalization, Urban form, Hope VI, social housing
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-249728DiVA, id: diva2:1305896
Note

QC 20190423

Available from: 2019-04-19 Created: 2019-04-19 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. City Re-Making Approaches in Contemporary Urbanism: “Re-Urbanism” as a Strategy for the Revitalization of Detroit and Declining Cities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>City Re-Making Approaches in Contemporary Urbanism: “Re-Urbanism” as a Strategy for the Revitalization of Detroit and Declining Cities
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Many cities today are experiencing extreme widespread urban decline, at a time when urban growth and revitalization are prioritized on the agenda. This dissertation examines a number of prominent urban revitalization strategies for declining cities, specifically highlighting the emblematic case of Detroit as a research subject. That city offers many lessons as the epitome of both urban decline and urban revitalization, as evidenced through the media narratives surrounding the “rebirth of Detroit” and its positive improvements over recent years. Through this and other case studies, the dissertation investigates different approaches in the leading contemporary paradigms of urbanism, including the role of place-based and heritage-based strategies for the declining city, and their different structural approaches. These include differences sought in both city structure, and in the collaborative structure of revitalizing institutions. From there, the dissertation draws key lessons together into a synthesis approach called “Re-Urbanism” – an advancement of a model originally developed by Robert Fishman. The model describes strategic partnerships between local government entities, private business leaders, private charitable foundations, small scale grass roots activism, and local entrepreneurship, all aimed at making place-based, heritage-based structural reconnections within the city itself. The dissertation concludes with specific policy and practice recommendations, as well as ideas for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2019. p. 96
Series
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 1913
Keywords
Re-Urbanism, urban decline, urban revitalization, Placemaking, Detroit, urbanism, public space, Landscape Urbanism
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249732 (URN)978-91-7873-185-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-05-10, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8 SE-100 44, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20190423

Available from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-19 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved

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